Learning to be Happy 3

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What is Applied Behavior Analysis?
Responses that are not so easily measured; Environments are less controlled; Discontinuous & indirect measures of behavior; measuring behavior by human observation rather than electronic devices
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What are the key dimensions of ABA?
Applied; Behavioral; Analytic; Conceptually systematic; Technological; Effective; Generality
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What is 'applied'?
investigates behavior which is socially significant (important to individual and society)
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What do we mean by 'behavioral'?
The study should involve the precise and reliable measurement of the actual behavior in need of improvement and should document that it was the participant's behavior that changed
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What do we mean by 'analytic'?
Data should demonstrate convincingly that behavior change was due to the intervention and not confounding variables, should be conceptually systematic, technological and effective
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What is behavior?
Anything that a person says or does - can be measured by frequency, duration or intensity, should be able to be defined, measured and observed
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What are covert behaviors?
Behavior can be overt or covert (e.g. thinking), most behavior analysts study overt behaviors because they can be measured, covert behaviors can be measured by the person that experiences them
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What's the difference between topography and function?
Topography - what the behavior looks like (physical form of the behavior), function is why the behavior occurs
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What are examples of behavioral deficits?
cannot tie shoelaces, does not tie shoelaces, doesn't say hello when entering a room
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What are examples of behavioral excesses?
binge drinking, swearing in a preschool classroom
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When measuring what we do, what should we look for?
Operational definitions should be: Objective, only referring to what can be observed; unambiguous and clear; complete (gives boundaries or examples of what and what is not included)
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Why do we measure behavior?
Teach new behaviors; reduce undesirable behavior; identify function of behavior; teach or increase replacement behavior
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How do we measure frequency?
Number of times a discrete behavior occurs in a standardized observation period; session length should remain constant; what would the unit of measurement be?
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How do we measure duration?
The length of time that it takes to complete a response or the total amount of time that a response occurs
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What are the key dimensions of ABA?

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Applied; Behavioral; Analytic; Conceptually systematic; Technological; Effective; Generality

Card 3

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What is 'applied'?

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Card 4

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What do we mean by 'behavioral'?

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What do we mean by 'analytic'?

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