Learning Theory (Attachment)

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1. The learning theory says that attachment is...
learned rather than inborn
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2. The learning theory is put forward by behaviourists. Who are they?
Behaviourists focus on what people do rather than what goes on in their minds.
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3. What do behaviourists suggest that all behaviour (including attachment) is learned through?
Classical conditioning or operant conditioning
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4. What is classical conditioning?
Learning through association - Eg: Pavlovs dogs.
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5. How does classical conditioning link to attachment?
Food (UCS) produces a sense of pleasure (UCR) The person who feeds (CS) becomes associated with the food. 'Feeder' produces pleasure associated with food, pleasure is now a conditioned response (CR)
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6. What is operant conditioning?
Learning occurs when you are rewarded for doing something which results in a pleasant consequence - behaviour is reinforced, will do that again. If you do something that creates an unpleasant consequence, less likely to do it again.
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7. How did Dollard & Miller (1950) link operant conditioning to attachment?
When a baby is hungry they feel uncomfortable,makes a drive to reduce the discomfort. When infant is fed = pleasure &is rewarding. Food = primary reinforcer as it 'stamps in' the behaviour to avoid discomfort.
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8. According to Dollard & Miller what does the 'feeder' become in operant conditioning?
The 'feeder' is associated with avoiding discomfort & becomes secondary reinforcer. Attachment occurs because the child wants the person who can supply the award.
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Card 2

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2. The learning theory is put forward by behaviourists. Who are they?

Back

Behaviourists focus on what people do rather than what goes on in their minds.

Card 3

Front

3. What do behaviourists suggest that all behaviour (including attachment) is learned through?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

4. What is classical conditioning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

5. How does classical conditioning link to attachment?

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