Learning Approach Key Definitions Flashcards

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Classical conditioning
Learning through association
1 of 12
Operant conditioning
Learning through consequences
2 of 12
Extinction
The suppression of a conditioned response
3 of 12
Spontaneous recovery
The revival of a dormant conditioned response
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Positive reinforcement
A pleasant outcome that encourages repetition of behaviour
5 of 12
Negative reinforcement
An unpleasant consequence to not performing a behaviour, so we repeat the behaviour to avoid it
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Punishment
Weakens the behaviour by presenting something unpleasant or painful whenever the behaviour is shown
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Primary reinforcement
A reinforcer that satisfies a basic need
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Secondary reinforcement
A reinforcer that alone does not satisfy a basic need, but can be exchanged for one that does
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Social learning
Learning through observation
10 of 12
Modelling
A way of learning by imitating the behaviours of others
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Vicarious reinforcement
Learning through the consequences of another person's behaviour
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Learning through consequences

Back

Operant conditioning

Card 3

Front

The suppression of a conditioned response

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The revival of a dormant conditioned response

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A pleasant outcome that encourages repetition of behaviour

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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