Learning

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  • Created by: Kimberley
  • Created on: 08-10-13 22:04
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behaviour due to experience.
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Operant Conditioning
Learning due to consequences of behaviour, through positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement.
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Law of effect
Behaviours that are followed by rewards are repeated; punished behaviours aren't repeated.
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Positive reinforcement
Reward or pleasant consequence that increases the likelihood of a behaviour or action being repeated
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Negative reinforcement
An unpleasant experience is removed after a behaviour or action has been made. Increases chance of behaviour being repeated.
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Punishment
A stimulus that weakens behaviour because it is unpleasant- try to avoid.
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Behaviour shaping
Changing behaviour in small steps.
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Phobia
A persistent and irrational fear of an object, activity or situation.
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Flooding
Treatment of phobias that involves immediate exposure of person to that object.
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Systematic desensitisation
Treatment of phobias in which a person is taught to relax and gradually exposed to the feared thing.
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Aversion therapy
Addiction treatment. Addict has extremely negative reaction to the substance.
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Primary reinforcer
A reward such as food or water that person or animal needs to survive.
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Secondary reinforcer
A reward such as money or token that animal or person can exchange for primary reinforcer.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Learning due to consequences of behaviour, through positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement.

Back

Operant Conditioning

Card 3

Front

Behaviours that are followed by rewards are repeated; punished behaviours aren't repeated.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Reward or pleasant consequence that increases the likelihood of a behaviour or action being repeated

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An unpleasant experience is removed after a behaviour or action has been made. Increases chance of behaviour being repeated.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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