Chapter 1

1. John Locke;

  • Believed in the concept of 'tabula rasa'
  • Maintained that all knowledge is a function of experience
  • All of the above
  • A British empiricist
  • Believed the new-born mind was a blank slate
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Other questions in this quiz

2. The law of parsimony states;

  • Mentalistic processes provide an adequate explanation for behaviour
  • Complex explanations are better than simple, surface explanations
  • Simpler explanations are better than a more complex explanation based on abstract ideas
  • Theories need both complex and simple explanations behind them
  • Primitive processes and simpler explanations are not by themselves enough to explain psychology

3. The mind-body dualism theory states

  • Some human behaviours are reflexes and some are governed by free will
  • The mind is a blank slate and the body interacts with the environment to learn
  • The mind and the body of all animals were separate and have free will
  • Humans are entirely governed by their free will

4. The introspection method was promoted by _____ and involves _____

  • Wundt and involves an empirical methods that lead to the development of cognitive neuroscience
  • Titchener and inspiring later functionalist who then studied conscious experience just in humans
  • Titchener and involves the description of ones own conscious thoughts, emotions and sensory experiences
  • William James and involves the description of ones own conscious thoughts, emotions and sensory experiences
  • Wundt and involves how we perceive different stimuli in our behaviours

5. The three main components of natural selection are;

  • Varying traits between species, competition for limited resources and adapted traits being passed on
  • Varying traits within and between species, competition for limited resources, traits that have reproductive success
  • Adaptation, Reproducing, Genetic inheritance
  • Adaptation to the environment, reproducing successfully, inheriting mutations
  • Traits that vary within species, competition and reproductive success

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