LEARNED behaviours

HideShow resource information
Define learned behaviours
Behaviours that are not inherited, they have to be taught/learnt. Responses that change with experience.
1 of 12
Describe learned behaviour
Passed on via teaching and learning. Can be altered by experience. Variety is shown between members of same species. Intelligent and intellectual.
2 of 12
Advantage of learned behaviour
Adapted in response to changing circumstances/environment.
3 of 12
Which animals will learnt behaviour benefit most?
Those with a long life span and so time to learn. Those with an element of parental care of young, living for some time with other members of species to learn from them.
4 of 12
Describe habituation
Learn to ignore certain stimuli as repeated exposure results in neither reward or punishment.
5 of 12
Give an example of habituation
Birds ignoring scarecrows. Avoids wasting energy in making escape responses to non-harmful stimuli.
6 of 12
Describe imprinting
Young animals becoming associated with another organism (usually a parent). Only occurs in sensitive period e.g. 36 hours after goslings hatch. Learn skills e.g. flight/seeking mates.
7 of 12
Describe classical conditioning
Pavlov observed dogs when they were shown food. They salivated as a response to an unconditioned stimulus. Rang a bell before giving them food, dogs began to salivate when bell was rang. Conditioned stimulus - classical conditioning.
8 of 12
Describe operant conditioning
Skinner looked at positive and negative reinforcement. Using skinner box, pressed lever which presented food reward. Reward led to rats pressing lever more often as associated with food. Trial and error learning.
9 of 12
Explain latent learning
Exploring new surroundings and retaining information from them which may help to survive in future.
10 of 12
Example of latent learning being useful
E.g. rabbit learns surroundings of burrow, helps it to escape predators such as foxes.
11 of 12
Explain insight learning
Highest form of learning. Ability to think and reason in order to solve problems. Once solves, solution to problem will be remembered. E.g. chimpanzees stacking boxes to reach bananas.
12 of 12

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Describe learned behaviour

Back

Passed on via teaching and learning. Can be altered by experience. Variety is shown between members of same species. Intelligent and intellectual.

Card 3

Front

Advantage of learned behaviour

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which animals will learnt behaviour benefit most?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe habituation

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Human, animal and plant behaviour resources »