Unit 2

McGregor's Theory X and Y
Theory X assumes workers are: Lazy, money motivated, no wish to take responsibility or make decisions and lack ambition. Whilst Y theory assumes: workers enjoy work and are satisfied from it, they wish to take responsibility and make desicions
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Authoritarian
Power, control and decision making are retained at the top of the organisation. Communication is one way.
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Paternalistic
Employees are consulted but decision making remains firmly at the top. Leader decide what is best for employees.
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Democratic
Two way communication and considerable delegation. Allows for input.
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Laissez-Faire
'Hands off' approach, leader has minimal input in decision making and essentially leaves the running to staff.
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Tannenbaum ans Schmidt's continuum of leadership
A simple model that shows the relationship between the levels of freedom in relation to decision making that a manager chooses to give a team of workers and the level of authority retained by the manger.
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Level 1- Tell
The manager makes the decision and tells the team.
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Level 2- Sell
The manager makes the decision and then explains or sells it to the team.
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Level 3- Consults
The manager makes the decision, presents it to the team, provides background ideas that led to the decision and invites questions or consults the team.
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Level 4-Consults
The manger suggests a provisional decision, invites discussion about it by consulting the team and then makes the decision.
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Level 5-Consults
The manager presents the problem consults the team by getting them to make suggestions and then makes the decision.
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Level 6-Shares
The manager explains the situation, shares the problem, identifies any limitations on the decision to be made and asks the team to come up with the decision.
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Level 7-Share
Allows team to identify problem, develop the options, and make the decision within any limits set.
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Blake Mouton Grid
Grid is based on two aspects of managers, concern for people and concern for production.
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Impoverished (indifferent) leadership
Low concern for people and low concern for production. Ineffective leadership.
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County club (accommodating) leadership
High concern for people and low concern for production.
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Produce or perish (dictatorial) leadership
Low concern for people and high concern for production. Tends to be authoritarian and display theory X characteristics.
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Middle of the road (status quo) leadership
Balance of the two- however the compromise means neither production nor people are fully met.
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Team (sound) Leadership
High concern for people and high concern for production. Characteristics similar to McGregor Y.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Power, control and decision making are retained at the top of the organisation. Communication is one way.

Back

Authoritarian

Card 3

Front

Employees are consulted but decision making remains firmly at the top. Leader decide what is best for employees.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Two way communication and considerable delegation. Allows for input.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

'Hands off' approach, leader has minimal input in decision making and essentially leaves the running to staff.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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