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6. Acceleration principle: what case was this said in? 'If her life was cut short by weeks or months it was just as much murder as it if were cut short by years'

  • Adams 1957
  • R v Blaue 1975
  • Haywood 1908
  • Kay v Butterworth

7. What is the name of the case for circumstance crimes?

  • Adomako 1994
  • Haywood 1908
  • Winzar 1983
  • Kennedy 2007

8. What is the name of the two cases for factual cause

  • Bland 1993 and Pretty 2001
  • R v Adomako 1994 and Miller 1983
  • R v Cheshire 1991 and R v White 1910
  • Kay v Butterworth and Hill v Baxter 1958

9. Your status or position: What didn't the policeman stop in Dytham?

  • A fight
  • A car accident
  • A fire

10. Causation: if the 'but for' test is yes, what does it mean?

  • D is not a factual cause
  • D is a factual cause

11. Voluntary assumed responsibility: What happened in Stone & Dobinson 1977?

  • D was a doctor charged with the murder of a terminally ill patient.
  • They were unable to look after their ill sister and she died.
  • Fell asleep with a cigarette lit and set the mattress on fire, he failed to get help.

12. Pre-existing condition: What caused the women to die?

  • Argument, mental exertion and posion
  • Argument, mental exertion and fright
  • Argument, physical exertion and fright
  • Argument, physical exertion and poison

13. True or false: R v Malcherk & Steel 1981 'turning off life support will never break the chain'

  • True
  • False

14. Actions by medical practitioners: In which case did the victim contract respiratory problems?

  • Kennedy 2007
  • R v Jordan 1956
  • R v Cheshire 1991
  • R v Smith 1959

15. Thin skull rule: what happened in R v Blaue 1975?

  • D was a doctor charged with the murder of a terminally ill patient.
  • D stabbed v, v dies as she refused medical treatment due to her religion
  • Fell asleep with a cigarette lit and set the mattress on fire, he failed to get help.

16. Actions by medical practitioners: what was held in R v Smith 1959?

  • was guilty as the wounds were still a substantial and operating cause at the time of death.
  • D's original act makes a more than minimal contribution to the consequence
  • It was only in the most extraordinary and unusual medical cases that medical treatment would break the chain
  • If her life were cut short by weeks or months it was just as much murder as if it were cut short by years

17. Self-neglect: what was the case where D cut v on his finger but the v ignored medical advice?

  • Adams 1957
  • Holland 1841
  • R v Blaue 1975

18. '_____ ____' is when some crimes are committed if D does a certain act, regardless of the consequence e.g strict liability.

  • Conduct crimes
  • Consequence crimes
  • Circumstance crimes
  • Crimes committed by omission

19. What is the case for 'where there is a duty under a contract to act'?

  • Adams 1957
  • R v Adomako 1994
  • Pretty 2001
  • Kay v Butterworth

20. Murder (dead body) and death by dangerous driving is an example of what crime?

  • Crimes committed by omission
  • Conduct
  • Consequence
  • Circumstance