Law 04 Revision - Robbery

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Where is the offence of robbery contained?
S8 of the Theft Act 1968
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What is the first element of robbery?
A completed theft.
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What was held in the case of Corcoran v Anderton (1980)?
The force used to appropriate the property meant the defendants were convicted of robbery.
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What is the second element of robbery?
Use of force or seeks to put any person in fear of being then and there subjected to force (threat of force).
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What was held in the case of RP and Others v DPP?
The definition of force was accepted as ‘any exercise of physical strength against another’. There was no force in this case as there had been no direct contact between the defendant and the victim.
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What was held in the case of Dawson and James (1976)?
Force is an ordinary word for the jury to decide, a nudge on the shoulder was enough to satisfy force in this case and only a minimal amount of force needs to be proved.
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What must be discussed if force is present?
The force must be used in order to steal and must have been used immediately before or at the time of the theft.
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What was held in the case of Hale (1979)?
The court confirmed that force being used to escape is regarded as being present at the time of the theft as the appropriation is on-going at this time.
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What was held in the case of B and R v DPP (2007)?
It is not necessary to prove the victim was scared or threatened, an implied threat of force will suffice and only minimal force needs to be proven.
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What is the third element of robbery?
Mens rea of theft.
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What is the fourth element of robbery?
Intention to use force in order to steal.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the first element of robbery?

Back

A completed theft.

Card 3

Front

What was held in the case of Corcoran v Anderton (1980)?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the second element of robbery?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was held in the case of RP and Others v DPP?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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