Late Imperial Russia 1894-1905

Politically why was Russia backwards? (5)
Autocratic state, opposition illegal, nobles in control, Okhrana, conscripted army
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Economically why was Russia backwards? (5)
Harsh winter, backwards farming, banking undeveloped, no consumer demand for products, poor communications
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Socially why was Russia backwards? (6)
Over 80% population peasants, only 800,000 industrial workers, social hierarchy, mostly of Russian Orthodox, 3500 in 6 universities
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Problems with climate
Frozen lakes, hard to import and trade on
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Westerners
Russians who believed that their nation had to model itself on the advanced countries of Europe.
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Slavophiles
Russians who urged that the nation should preserve its self as “holy Russia”, glorying in it Slavonic culture and traditions
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Pobedonostsev
Known as the “Great Inquisitor” because of his repressive attitudes. Tutor of Nicholas II
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Personal issues of Tsar
Easily manipulated, lacked imagination, mistrusted of ministers
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Why did the Tsar use Russification?
To impose Russian values on all of his people. Made it easier to control the massive size of the population if they all had the same values.
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What was Russification?
The restriction of non-Russian influences by emphasising all things Russian
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Problem with size of Russia
Hard to communicate over 8 million square miles, especially with the lack of communications
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An example of Russification
Russian was declared official language
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How did Russification affect the Jewish population?
There were 600 new policies restricting over 5 million Jews. Discrimination was more open
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What were Pogroms?
Fierce, violent attacks on the Jewish population
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Result of pogroms?
Jewish Bund formed in 1897: a Jewish anti-tsarist movement
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Economically why was Russia backwards? (5)

Back

Harsh winter, backwards farming, banking undeveloped, no consumer demand for products, poor communications

Card 3

Front

Socially why was Russia backwards? (6)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Problems with climate

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Westerners

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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