Language and Power

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  • Created by: Briony98
  • Created on: 06-06-16 11:46
Political Power
Held by politicians, the police and those working in the law courts
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Personal Power
Those who hold power as a result of their occupation or role, such as teachers and employers
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Social Group Power
Hold power as a result of social variable such as class, gender and age
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Instrumental Power
Power used by individuals or groups to maintain and enforce authority
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Influential Power
Power used to influence or persuade others
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Institutional Power
Power held by institutions such as hospitals or large companies like ASDA
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Power in Discourse
Concerned with situations where power relationships are set up and enacted through language
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Power Behind Discourse
Concerned with the organisation of institutions and the ideological reasons behind the enactment of power
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Ideology
Refers to the belief systems, attitudes and world views that an individual or collective might hold, which are displayed through the use of language
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Repressive Discourse Strategy
A more indirect way of exercising power and control through conversational restraints
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Oppressive Discourse Strategy
Linguistic behaviour that is open in exercising of power and control
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Power Asymmetry
A marked difference in the power status of individuals involved in discourse
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Powerful Participant
A speaker with a higher status in a given context, who is therefore able to impose a degree of power
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Less Powerful Participant
Those with less status in a given context, who are subject to constraints imposed by more powerful participants
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Constraints
Ways in which powerful participants may block or control the contributions of less powerful participants
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Jargon/Buzzwords
Special words or expressions used by a profession or group that are difficult for others to understand
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Modal verbs
Can be used to exert power by giving the allusion the reader has power (epistemic - choice) or show they have the power (deontic-will happen)
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Sentence moods
Declaratives - give the readers the choice and makes them think that they have the power. Imperatives - orders which show the producer as more powerful
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Those who hold power as a result of their occupation or role, such as teachers and employers

Back

Personal Power

Card 3

Front

Hold power as a result of social variable such as class, gender and age

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Power used by individuals or groups to maintain and enforce authority

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Power used to influence or persuade others

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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