Language Theorists

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  • Created by: Fiona
  • Created on: 26-02-14 18:31
Robin Morgan (1977)
Language is sexist e.g barman, chairman
1 of 15
Lakoff (1975)
Gender difference in discourse e.g empty adjectives, specific to their interests, rising intonation, hedges, use of the intensive "so", hypercorrect grammar, super politness
2 of 15
Tannen (1990)
Women speak a language of connection and intimacy, Men speak a language of status and independence
3 of 15
Zimmerman and West (1975)
Mixed sex conversations, men are more likely to interupt than women
4 of 15
Spender
Power with male patriarchal order in society. Language embodies structures that sustain male power
5 of 15
O'Barr and Atkins
Both sexes use weak "female language"- "powerless language"
6 of 15
Coates (1989)
Female talk is co-operative, speakers negotiate and support each other. Not found in mixed sex talk
7 of 15
Pilkington (1992)
Women collaborate than men in all male talk. Women aim for more positive politeness. Men are less supportive and complentary to each other
8 of 15
Kuuper (1991)
Men pay less regard to the need to save FACE and use insults as a away of expressing solidarity
9 of 15
Grice's Maxims
1) Maxim of Quality- Truth 2) Maxim of relation- Relevance 3) Maxim of manner- Clarity
10 of 15
Lakoff
Politness Principle- don't impose, give the receiver options, make the receiver fell good
11 of 15
FACE
Individual's self-esteem and sense of indentity
12 of 15
Positive Face
Value and appreciated
13 of 15
Negative Face
Not feel imposed on
14 of 15
Brown and Levinson
1)Bald on record- nothing to minimise threats e.g Give me those 2) Positive Politeness- desire to be respected 3) Negative Politness- recognises the hearer's face but sees imposing them 4) Off Record- takes pressure off you
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Gender difference in discourse e.g empty adjectives, specific to their interests, rising intonation, hedges, use of the intensive "so", hypercorrect grammar, super politness

Back

Lakoff (1975)

Card 3

Front

Women speak a language of connection and intimacy, Men speak a language of status and independence

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Mixed sex conversations, men are more likely to interupt than women

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Power with male patriarchal order in society. Language embodies structures that sustain male power

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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