Language change - essential features

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  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 27-02-13 12:28
Samuel Johnson's 'Dictionary of the English Language' - what year and how many words?
First published in 1755, with 40,000 words
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Which dictionary was published in 1604?
Cawdrey's dictionary
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What is etymology?
the study of history of words, their origins and how their form and meaning have changed over time
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Acronym
made up of initials, but sounded as a word i.e. RADAR
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Clipping
A new word created by shortening an existing one - i.e INFO
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Affixiation
Addition of bound morphemes to existing words - i.e. prefixes and suffixes
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Prefixes
Addition of a BOUND morpheme to the beginning of a ROOT word
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Conversion
Where a word changes its class WITHOUT affixation i.e. 'text' is a noun, but recently has become a verb
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Compound
The combination of SEPERATE words to create a new word - i.e. scholarSHIP
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Back formation
The removal of an IMAGINED affix from an existing word - i.e. editot became EDIT
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Blend
Two words fusing to create a new one - i.e.'smog' (smoke and fog)
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Obselete words
Words no longer in use
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Amelioration
A word growing from a base meaning to what could be considered a more positive meaning – i.e. ‘sick’ used to mean ill, but now means that’s good
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Pejoration
The downgrading of the meaning of a word – i.e. ‘’mistress’’
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Weakening
Takes the force of intensity away from the word, but still the same meaning i.e. ‘kill’ - procrastination takes some force away
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Narrowing
When a words meaning is general and is allied to something much more specific
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Idiom
A speech form with a shared understanding, though perhaps cannot be understood literally - i.e. 'Pull your socks up' = try harder
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which dictionary was published in 1604?

Back

Cawdrey's dictionary

Card 3

Front

What is etymology?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Acronym

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Clipping

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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