Language change

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Amelioration
when a word develops a more postive meaning
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Archaism
An old-fashioned word or phrase that isn't used in present day
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blending
when parts of two words are combined to make a new one
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borrowing
when words from one language fall into common usuage in another
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broadening/generalisation
when a word that has quite a specific meaning becomes more general over time
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clipping
when a shortened version of a word becomes a word in its own right, e.g phone
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double negative
when negatvies are used twice in a phrase, e.g i didnt do nothing
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inflection
An affix that is attached to a base word and gives extra information about it, e.g its tense or person
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loan words
words that are taken from other languages
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narrowing
when a word that has a general meaning becomes more specifc over time
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neologisms
new words that enter a language
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omission
when sounds are left out from words. If a lot of speakers do this over a prolonged period of time, the sound can end up being lost from the word altogether
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orthography
the writing system of language- how the language us represented through symbols, letters and spelling
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pejoration
when a word devlops a more negative meaning over time
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prefix
An affix that comes before the base form, e.g unfortunate
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standard english
a dialect of english considered 'correct' and 'normal', because it has distinctive and standardised features of spelling, vocabulary and syntax. it's the form of english usually used in formal writing
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standardisation
the process by which grammarians are prescriptivists attempted to structure and influence English according to what constituted 'correct' and 'incorrect' usage of the language
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

An old-fashioned word or phrase that isn't used in present day

Back

Archaism

Card 3

Front

when parts of two words are combined to make a new one

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

when words from one language fall into common usuage in another

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

when a word that has quite a specific meaning becomes more general over time

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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