Language change

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  • Created by: sarah
  • Created on: 03-04-15 11:54
standardisation
making all variations of language conform to the standard language
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diachronic change
refers to the study of historical language change occuring over a span of time
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borrowing
introduction of a word from one language to another
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eponym
the name of a person after whom something is named e.g Sandwich
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proprietary name
name given to a product by one organisatio becomes the commonly used name for the same product e.g Tampax, Hoover
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Acronym
lexicalised word made up from the initial letters of a phrase eg. RADAR
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Initialism
a word made from initial letters, each being pronounced eg. CD
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Clipping
new word produced by shortening an existing one eg. Edit from editor
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Prefixes
adition of a bound morpheme o the beginning of a root word e.g mega/uber
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suffixes
addition of a bound morpheme to the end of a root word eg. (radical)ising
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conversion
a word changes its word class without adding a suffix eg. text (noun and verb)
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compound
combining of separate words to crete a new word, sometimes using a hyphe to link them eg. man flu
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blend
two wods fusing to make a new one e.g smog (smoke and fog)
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weakening
a word loses the strength of its original meaning
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narrowing
word becomes more specific i its meaning
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broadening
a word keeps its orginal meaning but acquires others
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the incorrectness view
David Freeborn- all accents are incorrect compared to RP
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the uglinesss view
Dennis Freeborn- some accents don't sound nice- linked to stereotypes and negative social connatations
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the impreciseness view
Dennis Freeborn- some accents are described as lazy- the glottal stop argues that some sound changes are logical and governed by linguistic views
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

refers to the study of historical language change occuring over a span of time

Back

diachronic change

Card 3

Front

introduction of a word from one language to another

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the name of a person after whom something is named e.g Sandwich

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

name given to a product by one organisatio becomes the commonly used name for the same product e.g Tampax, Hoover

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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