LANGUAGE CHANGE

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Standardisation
making all variations of language conform to the standard language
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Mixed-mode
features of printed text combined with features expected in conversation
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Diachronic change
refers to the study of historical language change occurring over a span of time
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Synchronic change
refers to an approach that studies language at a theoretical point in time without cinsidering historical context
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Political correectness
words or phrases used to replace those that are deemed offensive
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Overt prestige
refers to the status speakers get from using the most official and standard form of a language. RP and Standard English are accepted as the most prestigious English accent and dialect.
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Covert prestige
refers to the status speakers who choose not to adopt a standard dialect get from a particular group within society
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Borrowing/loan word
the introduction of a word from one language to another; they can be anglicised or remain similar to the original in spelling and pronunciation
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Eponym
the name of a person after whom something is named
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Proprietary names
the name given to a product by one organisation becomes the commonly used name for the same product
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Acronym
a lexicalised word made up from the initial letters of a phrase to sound like a word i.e. N.A.S.A and FIFA
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Initialism
a word made from initial letters, each being pronounced separately i.e. DNA
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Clipping
a new word produced by shortening an already existing one
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Affixiation
the addition of bound morphemes to an existing word
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Prefixes
the addition of a bound morpheme to the beginning of a root word i.e. RE-furbish
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Suffixes
The addition of a bound morpheme to the end of a root word i.e. laugh-ING
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

features of printed text combined with features expected in conversation

Back

Mixed-mode

Card 3

Front

refers to the study of historical language change occurring over a span of time

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

refers to an approach that studies language at a theoretical point in time without cinsidering historical context

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

words or phrases used to replace those that are deemed offensive

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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