language change

language change terminology

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ACRONYM
the first letter of a name are adopted as a new word
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AMELIORATION
change in meaning from a less pleasant to a more pleasant one
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ARCHAIC
word or expression once in common usage which are still used, but rarely as they are considered 'old fashioned'
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BLEND
two words which join to create a new word, but in the process one or both lose part of themselves
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BORROWINGS
a word taken from another language which goes into common use
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BROADENING
a word includes a wider group of objects than originally
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CLIPPING
when a word is shortened
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COINAGE
the deliberate creation of a word or a new sense of a word
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COMPOUND
the joining of two words to make a new meaning
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CONNOTATION
the associations or feelings that go with a word
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CONVERSION
where a word crosses from one class to another without otherwise changing
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DERIVATION
adding affixes to words to create new ones
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ELISION
a process of phonological change where a sound is 'squeezed out' as the word is changed
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STANDARDISATION
a process of moving towards a generally accepted standard, or common methods, for deploying one's language publicly
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OBSOLETE
a word which is no longer used at all
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NARROWING
a word becomes more specific in meaning (opposite to broadening)
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PEJORATION
a word moves from a pleasant to an unpleasant meaning (opposite of amelioration)
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POLITICAL CORRECTNESS
a movement to try and remove terms which were held to be pejorative because of associations with race, gender, disability and social class in an attempt to remove the stigma attached to the groups
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SEMANTIC SHIFT
a change in actual meaning to a word
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SYNTAX INVERSION
when word order is reversed or altered
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SLANG
new words are created constantly within social groups
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GRAPHOLOGY
the study of the way texts have been written and set out
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MORPHOLOGY
the study of the smallest units a eord can be broken down into
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ORTHOGRAPHY
the study of spelling
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CORPUS
a collection of writing, lexis or recorded remarks used for linguistic analysis
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PRESCRIPTIVISM
standards should be maintained, proper pronunciation and correct grammar
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DESCRIPTIVISM
language develops naturally over time
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SYNCHRONIC CHANGE
taking place currently or at any one time
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DIACHRONIC CHANGE
taking place over the whole duration of language's existency
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POLARITY
more authoritative, language is more absolute, conforms to the ideas of society at that time
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MODALITY
more modern, suggests using modal verbs
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

change in meaning from a less pleasant to a more pleasant one

Back

AMELIORATION

Card 3

Front

word or expression once in common usage which are still used, but rarely as they are considered 'old fashioned'

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

two words which join to create a new word, but in the process one or both lose part of themselves

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a word taken from another language which goes into common use

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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