Language and Power

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Political power
Power held by those with the backing law
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Personal Power
Power held by individuals as a result of their roles in organisations
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Social Group Power
Power held as a result of being a member of a dominant social group
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Instrumental power
power used to maintain and enforce authority
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Power in discourse
the ways in which power is manifested in situations through language
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Power behind discourse
the focus on the social and ideological reasons behind the enactment of power
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ideology
a set of belief systems, attitudes or a world view held by an individual or groups
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denotic modality
constructions that express degrees of necessity and obligation
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Power asymmetry
a marked difference in the power status of individuals involved in discourse
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unequal encounter
an alternative term for asymmetrical, highlighting the power one speaker has over another
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powerful participant
a speaker with a higher status in a given context, who is therefore able to impose a degree of power
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face
a person's self-esteem or emotional needs
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positive face
the need to feel wanted, liked and appreciated
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negative face
the need to have freedom of thought and action and not to feel imposed on
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face-threatening act
a communicative act that threatens someone's positive or negative face needs
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positive and negative politeness strategies
redressive strategies that a speaker might use to mitigate or avoid face-threatening acts
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Card 2

Front

Power held by individuals as a result of their roles in organisations

Back

Personal Power

Card 3

Front

Power held as a result of being a member of a dominant social group

Back

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Card 4

Front

power used to maintain and enforce authority

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the ways in which power is manifested in situations through language

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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