language development

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  • Created by: shelly234
  • Created on: 10-01-18 20:12
set of arbitrary symbols through which convey meaning
language
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meanings of words or combinations of words
semantics
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understanding the true intention of the utterance; social context important
pragmatics
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grammatical rules that dictate how words can be combined
syntax
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child acquires verbal behaviour when unplanned vocalisations, selectively reinforced, assumes forms which produce appropriate consequences in a given verbal community
skinner
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way the child acquires language. type of learning where behaviour is controlled by consequence
operant conditioning
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child goes though_____ and _______ they try and fail to use correct language until it succeeds
trial and error
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Shaped and reinforced by parent's gestures (smiles, attention etc.) which is rewarding to the child
positive reinforcement
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Verbal behaviour that is reinforced by the child receiving something it wants
reinforcement
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Verbal behaviour caused by imitating others
imitation
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making behaviour stronger following by a pleasant stimulus
positive reinforcement
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Child will not progress from babbling to language unless the parents shape the child's language behaviour
progress
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Parents don't intentionally shape language it happens ________
naturally
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Child wont always be able to repeat what, and adult says especially if it is to ________ for the child
complex
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show parents rarely reinforce correct grammar in child's speech but focus on the truthfulness of accuracy of statements. Makes it less likely that shaping enables children to learn grammar.
brown and hanlon
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Theory assumes that _______without reinforcement will not lead to learning
imitation
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Some parents pay very little attention to the _________ of their infants who still develop language despite this
vocalisation
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_______is a lengthy process whereas child's language development at two years of life is rapid
shaping
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Theory difficult to explain creativity of language
creativity
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Beneficial aids language development of developmentally delayed children
strength
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Language Acquisition Device. innate mechanism, through the LAD the child is hardwired to recognise the grammar of whatever language they are exposed to in infancy, It underpins the ability to transform surface structure to deep structure
lad
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Refers to syntactic structure - word order
surface structure
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Refers to the semantics - meaning - of the sentence
deep structure
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We do not _______surface structure, it is the actual deeper meaning that is understood and stored
retain
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Language is an _____ structure of the human brain
innate
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children do not need _______teaching to learn to speak
formal
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Provides children with a knowledge of linguistic universals such as the existence of word order and word classes
function
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Provides children only general procedures for discovering language to be learned
function
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lacks appreciation of the ______ _____. Does not give much (if any) information on the cognitive processes - focus on rules rather than processing
social context
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Principles of ________ can't be learned alone
grammar
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Conflicts with ________anthropology that views language acquisition as a gradual adaption of the brain and vocal chords
evolutionary
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no proof have an LAD language learning could merely be through general learning and understanding abilities and interactions with other people
proof
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Accounts for language creativity
creativity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

meanings of words or combinations of words

Back

semantics

Card 3

Front

understanding the true intention of the utterance; social context important

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

grammatical rules that dictate how words can be combined

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

child acquires verbal behaviour when unplanned vocalisations, selectively reinforced, assumes forms which produce appropriate consequences in a given verbal community

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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