Language Change key definitions

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borrowing
The loaning or borrowing of a word from another language- largely influenced by globalisation
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Affixation
When a prefix or a suffix is added to a word to exaggerate the meaning e.g 'hypa'
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Neologism
New word
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Amelioration
When a word undergoes positive semantic change
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Pejoration
When a word undergoes negative semantic change
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Idiom
A phrase that doesn't make sense if you take it for its literal meaning e.g. 'raining cats & dogs'
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Auxiliary Verbs
'Do' or 'done'- used in later modern english (1700 hundreds onwards)
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Syntax
Sentence structure- was more complex in early modern english (1500-1700)
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Contraction
When two words are combined. Has gone in and out of fashion ('t'was' is now archaic
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Jonathan Swift
Prescriptivist- complained contractions were 'corrupting' the english language
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Phonology
Study of sound
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Great Vowel Shift
1400-1600
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intonation patterns
the pitch of speech i.e common intonation pattern is 'up talk' when a statement sounds like a question
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Robert Loweth
Prescriptivist- Wrote 'A short introduction to english grammar"
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International Language influences
8th-11th century- Scandinavian/French. 16th/17th-Latin/Greek. 18th-19th-Hindi. 20th-various
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David Crystal
Descriptivist- believed language change is nether a process or decay, as it happens in different ways
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Cameron
Argues that prescriptivism shows that language is an important social tool- although a descriptivist
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Affixation

Back

When a prefix or a suffix is added to a word to exaggerate the meaning e.g 'hypa'

Card 3

Front

Neologism

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Amelioration

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Pejoration

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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