Language Change + Speech analysis - A2 WJEC

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LANGUAGE CHANGE
LANGUAGE CHANGE.
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Amelioration?
Meaning is more positive e.g. Sick
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Pejoration?
Meaning is more negative e.g. Wench
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Narrowing?
Number of meanings decreased e.g. Meat
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Broadening?
Number of meanings increased e.g. Fit
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When was the dictionary invented?
1755
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Borrowing?
Words used from another language e.g. Alcohol
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Initialism?
Abbreviating using letters that don't make a word e.g. WLTM
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Acronym?
Abbreviating using letters that do make a word e.g. NASA
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Lexical Change?
Changes to the vocabulary but not the meaning.
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Inverted Syntax?
When a sentence is put in a different order e.g. Tired, is he.
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Blending?
Parts of words combined e.g. Smoke + Fog = Smog
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Coinage?
Completely new word e.g. IPAD
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Neologism?
New word that is not completely new.
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Affixing?
Adding a prefix/suffix to create a new word, each word can't stand alone e.g. Multi-media
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Compound?
Adding a prefix/suffix to create a new word, each word can stand alone.
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SPEECH.
SPEECH
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Filler?
Gives speaker time to think e.g. "er"
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Prosodic Features?
Include stress/pitch on a word e.g. HEY
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Repitition?
Said more than once, usually for emphasis or humour
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False Start?
Having to restart the sentence, shows unprepared speech
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Interruption?
To show power or not caring about what the other person has to say, also shows unprepared.
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Back Channeling?
Feedback e.g. "yeah"
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Tag Question?
Question on the end of a statement to target a response.
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Syndetic List?
List with a conjunction
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Diexis?
Vague e.g. thing
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Hypophora?
Answer own question.
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Colloquialism?
Informal e.g. "mate"
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Taboo?
Swearing e.g. "****"
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Slang?
Informal - e.g. "bezzy"
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Contraction?
e.g. Don't
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Hyperbole?
Exaggeration
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Clipping?
Shortening words e.g. "comin'"
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Amelioration?

Back

Meaning is more positive e.g. Sick

Card 3

Front

Pejoration?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Narrowing?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Broadening?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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