Language and Gender Theories

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  • Created by: Tasc24
  • Created on: 14-02-16 20:45
Women's vocab includes trivial words because they are relegated to decisions about such unimportant subjects.
Robin Lakoff
1 of 20
Women use tag questions as they add uncertainty to a statement so a speaker won't impose her view.
Robin Lakoff
2 of 20
Women don't use intensifiers to avoid strong statements or committing to an opinion.
Robin Lakoff
3 of 20
Women are more likely to comply to grammatical rules.
Robin Lakoff
4 of 20
Mira Komarovsky (1962)
58 working class American couples - Women spoke about family and personal matters. Men spoke about business, sport, work and local politics.
5 of 20
Men prefer topics that allow participants to take turns at being the expert.
Jennifer Coates
6 of 20
Men use questions to seek information from each other.
Jennifer Coates
7 of 20
Women make well-placed minimal responses but the men make them too late. This indicates a lack of interest and support which leads to women falling silent.
Jennifer Coates
8 of 20
Men usually assume the role of information giver or fixer because this reinforces strength and status.
Deborah Tannen
9 of 20
Women see listening and supporting as essential to group bonding and assume a turn will be granted.
Deborah Tannen
10 of 20
Men use more imperatives and use them to their sons more than daughters.
Deborah Tannen
11 of 20
Women use 3x more tag questions, not because of uncertainty but to try and keep the conversation going. Women use 'you know' 5x more than men for the same reasons.
Pamela Fishman
12 of 20
Modal tags - seek information (61% modal tags used by men).
Janet Holmes
13 of 20
Facilitative tags - drawing listener in (75% facilitative tags used by women).
Janet Holmes
14 of 20
Tag questions monitor whether others are in agreement and respect face needs of others when discussing sensitive issues.
Cameron and Coates
15 of 20
Hedge helps statements become negotiable and retractable.
Cameron and Coates
16 of 20
Qualifiers show uncertainty when used by women but certainty and authority when used by men.
Dale Spender
17 of 20
Men interrupt women more than they interrupt other men.
Zimmerman and West
18 of 20
Women interrupt other women more than they do men.
Zimmerman and West
19 of 20
Men overlap with women more (100% of overlaps by men).
Zimmerman and West
20 of 20

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Card 2

Front

Robin Lakoff

Back

Women use tag questions as they add uncertainty to a statement so a speaker won't impose her view.

Card 3

Front

Robin Lakoff

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Robin Lakoff

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

58 working class American couples - Women spoke about family and personal matters. Men spoke about business, sport, work and local politics.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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