Language Acquisition Theorists Quiz

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1. What is Lenneberg's 'Critical Age Hypothesis' Theory?

  • At the ages of 5-6 years, it is critical that they understand the difference between spoken and written language
  • If a child is learning a second language, it is critical that they are exposed to it before the ages of 5-6 years in order for them to learn the language more easily.
  • Without linguistic practice before the ages of 5-6 years, language acquisition is severely limited
  • When a child is in the womb, the child must be exposed to some form of language in order for them to develop the Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
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2. What are Rescorla's two types of overextension?

  • Packaged and singular
  • Categorical and analogical
  • Labelled and coordinated
  • Heurological and telegraphical

3. Which inflection does Brown suggest is easiest for a child to learn at 20 months?

  • Present (-ing)
  • Plural (-s)
  • Past (-ed)
  • Possessive (-s)

4. What is Bruner's 'Language Acquisition Support System (LASS)' theory?

  • Children learn language through imitating their caregivers
  • Caregivers support a child language acquisition by giving them constant positive reinforcement
  • Caregivers support child's linguistic development in social situations
  • If caregivers do not interact with their child befor they reach 5-6 years, their language acquisition will be severely limited

5. What is Berko and Brown's 'fis phenomenon'?

  • Children find it easier to understand the correct names of verbs that they can physically do themselves
  • Children use more phonemes than they can understand
  • Children understand more phonemes than they can produce
  • Children find it easier to understand and learn the correct names of nouns that they can physically touch

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