1. What is Skinner's imitation and reinforcement theory?
- A caregiver will create an action to represent a certain word and the child will repeat the action whilst saying the word in order for them to be more likely to remember it.
- Children repeat what they hear and are rewarded with praise
- Children incorrectly repeat what they hear and the caregiver will continue to repeat the word until the child pronounces it correctly
- A caregiver will say a sound to represent a word and the child will reinforce this idea by saying both the sound and the actually word which the caregiver is trying to imitate.
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2. Cruttenden has three stages of learning inflections theory. Which is the third stage?
- Children are able to cope with irregular inflections correctly
- Children occasionally make virtuous errors when learning inflections but are mostly consistent
3. What is Bruner's 'Language Acquisition Support System (LASS)' theory?
- Caregivers support child's linguistic development in social situations
- Caregivers support a child language acquisition by giving them constant positive reinforcement
- If caregivers do not interact with their child befor they reach 5-6 years, their language acquisition will be severely limited
- Children learn language through imitating their caregivers
4. Which inflection does Brown suggest is easiest for a child to learn at 20 months?
- Present (-ing)
- Plural (-s)
- Past (-ed)
- Possessive (-s)
5. Which of these is not one of Halliday's seven language functions?