Language Acquisition Theorists Quiz

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1. Cruttenden has three stages of learning inflections theory. Which is the third stage?

  • Children are able to cope with irregular inflections correctly
  • Children occasionally make virtuous errors when learning inflections but are mostly consistent
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2. What is Lenneberg's 'Critical Age Hypothesis' Theory?

  • Without linguistic practice before the ages of 5-6 years, language acquisition is severely limited
  • When a child is in the womb, the child must be exposed to some form of language in order for them to develop the Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
  • At the ages of 5-6 years, it is critical that they understand the difference between spoken and written language
  • If a child is learning a second language, it is critical that they are exposed to it before the ages of 5-6 years in order for them to learn the language more easily.

3. What is Vygotsky's 'Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD' theory?

  • A child needs caregivers to help them interact
  • A child speaks aloud to themself to help them to practice their language
  • Language isn't taught and is a natural development
  • Children begin to understand the concept of object permanence at a young age

4. Which inflection does Brown suggest is easiest for a child to learn at 20 months?

  • Present (-ing)
  • Plural (-s)
  • Past (-ed)
  • Possessive (-s)

5. What is Berko's 'Wug' test theory?

  • Children start to learn the range of meanings that a word might have
  • Children hear the correct usage of the plural inflection -s, so often that it was second nature to apply it to a noun they had never heard before
  • Children are aware of the difference between spoken and written language
  • Parents point at something and ask a child to name it and this helps a child to develop their language

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