1. What is Piaget's 'Cognitive Approach' theory?
- If a child mispronounces a word, their caregiver will continue to repeat the word until the child pronounces it correctly
- A child needs to develop certain mental abilities before they can acquire particular aspects of language
- A child learns language through practicing their speech alone
- A child learns language through constant practice with their caregiver
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2. What is Lenneberg's 'Critical Age Hypothesis' Theory?
- Without linguistic practice before the ages of 5-6 years, language acquisition is severely limited
- If a child is learning a second language, it is critical that they are exposed to it before the ages of 5-6 years in order for them to learn the language more easily.
- When a child is in the womb, the child must be exposed to some form of language in order for them to develop the Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
- At the ages of 5-6 years, it is critical that they understand the difference between spoken and written language
3. What is Vygotsky's 'Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD' theory?
- Children begin to understand the concept of object permanence at a young age
- A child needs caregivers to help them interact
- Language isn't taught and is a natural development
- A child speaks aloud to themself to help them to practice their language
4. Which of these is not one of Halliday's seven language functions?
5. Cruttenden has three stages of learning inflections theory. Which is the third stage?
- Children are able to cope with irregular inflections correctly
- Children occasionally make virtuous errors when learning inflections but are mostly consistent