Language Acquisition Theorists

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Chomsky
Nativist theory - Children have an innate ability to lean language (L.A.D). This is why they overgeneralise rules, make up their own rules, produce correct English even when surrounded by 'impoverished' faulty adult speech
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Skinner
Behaviourist theory - Language is only learnt through imitation and reinforcement. (Positive reinforcement = praise/attention) (Negative reinforcement = Not being understood/denied of positive comments)
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Bruner
Social interactionist theory - Language is developed through interaction such as routines and role play (L.A.S.S).
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Piaget
Cognitive theory - Children are active learners who want to discover more about their surroundings and their language reflects this. Piaget also had ideas on 'egocentrism' and 'object permanence'
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Cruttenden
Discovered that children find it difficult to interpret intonation
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Berko and Brown
Discovered that children that pronounce a word incorrectly do not understand if an adult pronounces it incorrectly in the same way
6 of 12
Nelson
Discovered that nouns are the biggest group of Children's first words. This is then followed by verbs.
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Brown and Levinson
Ideas on politeness strategies and positive/negative face
8 of 12
Rescorla
Categorical overextension, analogical overextension, mismatch statements
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Bellugi (Negation)
3 stages of negative formation: 1) 'no(t)' at beginning/end of sentence 2) 'no(t)' inside sentence 3) attaches the negative to auxiliary verbs (No, i don't want to go to nursery I am not)
10 of 12
Bellugi (Pronouns)
1) Child uses their own name in third person 2) child recognises the I/me pronouns 3) Child uses the I/me pronouns correctly according to whether they are the subject or object
11 of 12
Lakoff Deficit Approach
Woman use weaker expletive terms than men e.g. darling, which suggests women's language is inferior to that of men
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Behaviourist theory - Language is only learnt through imitation and reinforcement. (Positive reinforcement = praise/attention) (Negative reinforcement = Not being understood/denied of positive comments)

Back

Skinner

Card 3

Front

Social interactionist theory - Language is developed through interaction such as routines and role play (L.A.S.S).

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Cognitive theory - Children are active learners who want to discover more about their surroundings and their language reflects this. Piaget also had ideas on 'egocentrism' and 'object permanence'

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Discovered that children find it difficult to interpret intonation

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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