Labov's 6 Narrative Categories Key Words

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Abstract
The indication that a narrative is about to start and that the speaker wants the listener's attention.
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Orientation
The 'who', 'where', 'what' and 'why' of the narrative. This sets the scene and provides further contextual information.
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Complicating Action
The main body, providing a range of narrative detail.
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Resolution
The final events, the 'rounding off' to give the narrative closure.
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Evaluation
Additions to the basic story, to highlight attitudes to command the listener's attention at important moments. This is the only section that can move around.
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Coda
A sign that the narrative is complete. This might include a return to the initial time frame before the narrative.
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External Evaluations
Often added by the narrator at the time but are not usually part of the sequence of events e.g. this is an incredible story; now I'm getting to the best bit.
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Intensifying Evaluation
A type of internal evaluation. Contributing to vividness via gestures, repetitions, or dramatic words e.g. oooh ouch.
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Explicative Evaluation
A type of internal evaluation. Providing reasons for narrative events e.g. Fred always annoyed Sally because he was so noisy.
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Conversational Analysis
The analysis of the structure and features of conversation.
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Adjacency Pair
Two utterances by different speakers which have a natural and logical link and complete an idea together. A simple structure of two turns.
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Exchange Structure
A series of turns between speakers.
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Turn-taking
The sharing of speaking roles, usually co-operatively.
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Initial Response Feedback (IRF)
A structure in speech that allows the first speaker to feedback on the response of a second speaker.
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Insertion Sequence
An additional sequence in the body of an exchange structure.
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Transition Relevance Point
A point at which it is natural for another speaker to take a turn.
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Topic Management
Control over the conversation in terms of speaking and topic.
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Powerful Participants
Those who hold some degree of status in a conversation and can to some extent control its direction and the potential of speakers to contribute.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The 'who', 'where', 'what' and 'why' of the narrative. This sets the scene and provides further contextual information.

Back

Orientation

Card 3

Front

The main body, providing a range of narrative detail.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The final events, the 'rounding off' to give the narrative closure.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Additions to the basic story, to highlight attitudes to command the listener's attention at important moments. This is the only section that can move around.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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