KW Peace and Justice

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War
Armed conflict between nations or large groups within nations.1
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Just War
Thomas Aquinas' theory that states that war is acceptable through the fulfillment of certain criteria.
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Pacifism
The belief that all forms of war and violence are wrong.
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Conscientious objector
Someone who refuses to do something on the basis of their conscience.
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Justice
Fairness in the way that people are dealt with.
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Injustice
A lack of fairness and justice.
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Punishment
Action taken against someone who has committed a crime.
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Capital Punishment
Killing somebody as a punishment for committing a crime.
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Social Injustice
Unfair or unjust treatment of people in society.
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Human Rights
The basic rights and freedoms to which all people are entitled.
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Quakers
A Christian group that are committed to pacifism.
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Amnesty International
An organization that works to protect human rights.
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Liberation Theology
The belief that action, sometimes violent, can be used to free people from oppression.
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Prisoner of Conscience
Someone who is in prison for their beliefs.
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Non-violent protest
Actions for social change that do not include the use of violence. E.g. speeches, boycotts and marches.
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Jus ad bellum
Rules which state whether it is right to go to war.
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Jus in bello
Rules which define the correct conduct in war.
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Jus post bellum
Rules which state how peace must be established after the war.
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Holy War
The argument that it can sometimes be right and necessary to use physical violence to defend a religion.
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Deterrence
A way of putting people off committing a crime because of the fear of the consequences. Punishment is aimed at putting people off wanting to break the law.
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Retribution
A way of making sure that people, particularly victims, are able to see that the criminal has paid the price required for committing the crime.
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Reformation
A chance for the criminal to reflect on what they have done wrong and then to improve their behavior.
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Protection
A security measure to ensure that the society is protected from criminals who may want to harm them.
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Reparation
Making amends for any damage done.
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Restorative Justice
A victim-focused form of justice. It aims to heal the harm caused by a crime in the best way for a victim and the community. It usually involves the victim and the criminal meeting to consider the harm caused and the way to repair it.
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Persecute
To mistreat and discriminate against an individual or a group through time.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Thomas Aquinas' theory that states that war is acceptable through the fulfillment of certain criteria.

Back

Just War

Card 3

Front

The belief that all forms of war and violence are wrong.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Someone who refuses to do something on the basis of their conscience.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Fairness in the way that people are dealt with.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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