KW Ontological Argument

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Analytic
A proposition or statement that it is incoherent to doubt. It is true by definition.
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Synthetic
A proposition or statement, the truth or falsity of which has to be verified.
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Predicate
A quality or property of an object or subject. E.g. the concept of a triangle has the predicates of 3 sides and 3 internal angles adding up to 180 degrees.
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Necessary
Something which has to be that way and cannot be different, whatever the circumstances.
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Contingent
Something which is not necessary, which depends on something else for its existence.
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Incoherent
A philosophical argument which fails because it is illogical.
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Reductio ad absurdum
It would be absurd to deny an idea. Therefore, it helps to argue a point and is central to Anselm's argument.
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Credo ut intelligam
Anselm's motto- 'I believe that I may understand'.
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Syllogistic logic
A form of logic where conclusions are inferred from premises.
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Ontological argument
An argument that seeks to prove that God exists using a priori reasoning.
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Deductive
This type of reasoning proceeds from general statements (premises) to reach a logically certain conclusions.
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Logically necessary
A statement that consists of a set of premises and a conclusion that cannot be disputed.
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Tautology
A statement which is true by definition.
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Inductive
A conclusion is drawn from what you observe.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A proposition or statement, the truth or falsity of which has to be verified.

Back

Synthetic

Card 3

Front

A quality or property of an object or subject. E.g. the concept of a triangle has the predicates of 3 sides and 3 internal angles adding up to 180 degrees.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Something which has to be that way and cannot be different, whatever the circumstances.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Something which is not necessary, which depends on something else for its existence.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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