KW Ancient Greece

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A posteriori
Latin phrase meaning 'from what comes after'. Used to apply to knowledge which is known through experience.
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A priori
Latin phrase meaning 'from what comes before'. Used to apply to knowledge that is gained irrespective of experience, simply by reasoning.
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The cave
A famous analogy written by Plato which he uses to explain some parts of his theory of Forms.
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Dualism
The view that a human person consists of two distinct elements: the mind/soul and the body. The mind/soul is immaterial whereas the body is physical.
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Form
The idea of something. Not physical, but is the eternal idea of what a thing is.
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Form of the Good
The highest of all the Forms. Plato said it was also the source of the other Forms.
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Material cause
What a thing is made of.
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Efficient cause
The agent or cause of the thing coming to exist as it is.
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Formal cause
What makes the thing recognisable: its structure, shape and activity.
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Final cause
The ultimate reason why the thing exists.
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Deism
The belief that God starts the universe off with one creative act but then effectively leaves the universe to run without acting in it. This belief was very popular in the eighteenth century following the discovery of natural laws by Sir Isaac Newton
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Theism
Refers to belief in a God who creates the world and continues to sustain it and be involved with it. This is the traditional view of God held by the Jewish, Islamic and Christian traditions.
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Potentiality
The possibility that something has to become something else.
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Actuality
The actualising of potential, it is the state of existing in reality.
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Causality
The relationship between cause and effect.
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Empiricism
The theory that all knowledge is based on experience derived from the senses.
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Prime mover
The unchanging cause of all that exists.
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Rationalism
The theory that the exercise of reason rather than experience provides the primary basis for knowledge.
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Epistemology
The study of knowledge of things that can be tested or verified.
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Archetype
An initial model or idea from which later ideas and models of the same thing are all derived.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Latin phrase meaning 'from what comes before'. Used to apply to knowledge that is gained irrespective of experience, simply by reasoning.

Back

A priori

Card 3

Front

A famous analogy written by Plato which he uses to explain some parts of his theory of Forms.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The view that a human person consists of two distinct elements: the mind/soul and the body. The mind/soul is immaterial whereas the body is physical.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The idea of something. Not physical, but is the eternal idea of what a thing is.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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