KT1 Agriculture (continuity)

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When was the emancipation of the Serfs?
1861
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What controlled land?
Mir
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How many in the population did the serfs make up?
30%
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How many worked on the land?
80%
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What had the poll tax increased by?
80%
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What was set up in 1883?
the peasants land bank
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What was set up in 1885?
Noble land bank
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What happened in 1886?
Poll tax was abolished
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how many taxes were paid by peasants?
90% of all taxes
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What was the famine of 1891 made worse by?
Grain exports
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How many lived in serf like conditions?
10%
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When were there harvest failures?
1898 + 1901
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What was the government policy of low bread policy?
it had resulted in low income
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What was the encouraged settlement in 1896?
resettlement bereau to Siberia
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How many moved?
750,000 out of 97 million
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What were the problems under Provisional government?
Land hunger, shortages
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What did Lenin begin?
Voluntary collectivisation
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How many were collectivised by 921?
600,000 out of 100m
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What did war communism led to?
requistioning of grain and grain production fell by 20%
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What was the population of peasants?
80%
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By 1945 what % of harvest was pre war level?
60%
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How many farms were collectivised by 1936?
94%
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How successful was the virgin land scheme under Khrushchev?
54-55 and failed due to soil erosion + 1963 drought
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What controlled land?

Back

Mir

Card 3

Front

How many in the population did the serfs make up?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many worked on the land?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What had the poll tax increased by?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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