Kohlbergs gender consistency theory

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What are the three stages of the theory?
Gender identity, Gender stability and Gender consistency
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What age does a child reach gender identity?
2 - 3 years old
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What happens in the gender identity stage?
the child recognises their sex however their knowledge is fragile and they may not recognise that a boy becomes a man.
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What age does a child reach gender stability?
3 - 7 years old
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What happens in the gender stability stages?
the child realises that people retain their gender for a lifetime, but they still relyon superficial signs to determine gender.
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What age does a child reach gender consistency?
7 - 12 years old
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What happens when they reach gender consistency?
the child realises gender is permanent and they value behaviours and attitudes associated with their gender.
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Name a suitable IDA point
Nature/Nurture
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Why is this theory nature?
it suggests that all children will go through the three stages in the order suggested by Kohlberg and at the set ages.
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Why is this theory nurture?
it suggests that the information the child collects about gender through self-socialistation willl vary according to their culture, the theory allows for different understandings of gender which vary from culture to culture.
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How could this theory be determinist?
When children do not follow the the same stages at the exact ages suggested by the theory then it could be considered determinist.
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Name one piece of research
Martin and Little - found that 3-5 yr olds had a very basic understanding of gender yet had strong gender stereotypes. this partially support the theory, they displayed gender appropriate behaviour before reaching gender consistency.
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Name a second piece of research
Slaby and Freys - found that children go through the 3 stages in the set order but they found 3yr olds didnt understand any concepts where 5yr olds understood all. this partially supports,shows 3 stages exist and kids reach them at different ages.
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What do cross cultural studies show?
these show that the 3 stages do develop in the order Kohlberg suggested, this therefore suggests that nature plays a rol in gender development.
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List some appropriate AO3 points
appropriate methodolgy (simple questions and pointing at pictures), ages seem innacurate as slaby and freys study was internally valid.
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Are there any useful applications? (wider evaluation)
No, it is bad at explaining gender development but makes understanding a childs view of gender more accessible. it also ignores the role of genes and hormones in gender development.
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Card 2

Front

What age does a child reach gender identity?

Back

2 - 3 years old

Card 3

Front

What happens in the gender identity stage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What age does a child reach gender stability?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happens in the gender stability stages?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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