Kohlbergs stages of moral development

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  • Created on: 25-06-18 20:44
What happens during pre-conventional level
Children accept the rules ofd authority figures and judge actions by their consequences
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Actions that result in punishments are...
bad
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Name of stage 1
Obedience and punishment orientation
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What happens during stage 1
ignores intention behind behaviour and focuses on obeying rules
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Using, Tommy, aged 10, give an example in stage 1
He was asked, 'is it better to save the life of 1 important person or many unimportant people?' He thinks of value of life in terms of materialistic possessions
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Name of stage 2
the instrumental purpose orientation
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what happens during stage 2
Child views actions as 'right' if they satisfy their own needs
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give an example of stage 2 wit hTommy, aged 13
argues that someone in pain would be better off dead but her husband wouldn't like it
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conventional level
conventional level
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What happens during the conventional level
individuals continue to believe that conformity to social rules is desirable but this is not out of self interest. Maintaining the current social system ensures positive human relationships and social order
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stage 3 name
interpersonal cooperation
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explain stage 3
this is a good boy-good girl orientation. What is right is defined by what is expected by others
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Give an example of stage 3 with Tommy, aged 16
frames his answer more in terms of the wife importance to family relationships
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Stage 4 name
the social order maintaining orientation
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explain stage 4
marks the shift from defining 'right' in terms of role expectations to defining what is right in terms of norms established by the larger social system
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Give an example of stage 4, Richard, aged 13
expresses his views about mercy killing in terms of the right to destroy something God created
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Post-conventional level
Post-conventional level
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Explain post-conventional level
Individuals more beyond unquestioning compliance with the norms of their own social system. The individual now defines morality in terms of abstract moral principles that apply to all societies and situations
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Stage 5 name
The social contract orientation
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explain stage 5
laws are seen as flexible. Where they are consistent with individuals rights and the interests of the majority they are upheld. Otherwise, they can be changed
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Give an example of Richard, aged 20, in stage 5
Considers the right that we all have to make the choice about our own life
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Stage 6 name
The universal ethical principles orientation
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Explain stage 6
Morality is defined in terms of self-chosen abstract moral principles. Laws usually conform to these principles, but where this is not the case, the individual acts in accordance with the moral principles
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

bad

Back

Actions that result in punishments are...

Card 3

Front

Obedience and punishment orientation

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

ignores intention behind behaviour and focuses on obeying rules

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

He was asked, 'is it better to save the life of 1 important person or many unimportant people?' He thinks of value of life in terms of materialistic possessions

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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