Kohlberg - Moral development

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What was the aim of Kohlberg's research?
To find evidence in support of a progression through stages of moral development.
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Who were the participants in Kohlberg's research?
58 boys from Chicago of working/middle class. Aged 7,10,13 and 16.
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Describe the methodology for each participant at these ages?
Each participant given 2 hour interview with 10 dilemmas to solve (including the Heinz dilemma).
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What was followed up?
Some boys were followed up at 3-yearly interviews up to age 30-36, making it a longitudinal study.
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Where else did Kohlberg study and what year?
1969. Children in Taiwan, UK, Mexico, Turkey, USA and Yucatan.
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What were the results concerning younger boys and older boys?
Younger boys tended to perform at stages 1 and 2, whilst older boys performed at stages 3 and 4.
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What was no support found for?
No support found that there was a separate stage 6. In 1978, Kohlberg revised his review and said there may not be a separate stage 6.
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What were stages 1 and 2?
1. Doing what is right because of fear of punishment. 2. Doing what is right for personal gain, perhaps a reward.
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What were stages 3 and 4?
3. Doing what is right according to majority to be a good boy/girl. 4. Doing what is right because it is your duty and helps society. Laws must be obeyed.
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What was support found for?
Support across cultures for stage theory.
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Why has the methodology been heavily criticised?
Recent applications show criminals committing crimes for financial gain show more immature reasoning than those committing violent crimes.
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Who were the participants in Kohlberg's research?

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58 boys from Chicago of working/middle class. Aged 7,10,13 and 16.

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Describe the methodology for each participant at these ages?

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What was followed up?

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Where else did Kohlberg study and what year?

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