Kohlberg

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How was the stage theory constructed?
The Boy's answers were analysed and common themes were depicted
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What is a stage theory?
An account of how behaviour changes through different ages/stages
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What level did younger boys think at?
Preconventional level
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How many stages does the preconventional level have?
2
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What does the first stage of the preconventional level suggest?
Children ignore the intentions behind morality and obeyed rules reinforced by punishment
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What does the second stage of the preconventional level suggest?
Children view actions as correct if they satisfy their own needs
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What do children do as they start to get older?
They become less focused on themselves and are more focused on doing good because relationships with others are important.
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What is the 2nd level called?
Conventional level
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What does the 1st stage of the conventional level suggest?
What is right is determined by what is expected by others
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What does the 2nd stage of the conventional level suggest?
Morals are defined in terms of norms established by the larger system
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What is an example of the 2nd stage of the conventional level?
Richard, aged 13 described mercy killing in terms of the right to destroy something created by God
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What is the last level of development?
Post-conventional
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What does the 1st stage of the post-conventional level suggest?
Laws are seen as relative and flexibl
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What does the 2nd stage of the post-conventional level suggest?
Morality is defined in terms of self-chosen abstract moral principles
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What does invariant mean?
Never changing
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Are the stages universal?
Yes
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How did Mexico and Taiwan differ from the other countries?
Their development was slightly slower
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What does equilibrated mean?
Balanced
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What can be used to help children develop their moral thinking?
Moral discussion classes
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What could happen after a discussion between children at stage 3 and children at stage 4?
Children at stage 3 move upwards
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a stage theory?

Back

An account of how behaviour changes through different ages/stages

Card 3

Front

What level did younger boys think at?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many stages does the preconventional level have?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does the first stage of the preconventional level suggest?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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