Knitted structures

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  • Created by: Steff06
  • Created on: 07-06-16 12:14
Describe the construction of weft knit
Looks interlock with rows above and below. One continuous yarn used.Can be made in a tube.
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What are the advantageous properties of weft knit?
Drapes well, rarely creases, smooth face, stretchy.
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What are the negative properties of weft knits?
Loses shape easily, curls when cut, less insulating, snags and ladders easily.
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Describe plain weft knit
Simplest type. Produced by hand or on a knitting machine. One yarn travels the width of the fabric.
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How is single jersey made?
Using a single set of needles to produce plain fabric without any rib.
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What can single jersey be made from?
Cotton, acrylic, polyester, modal, viscose or wool.
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What are the positive of single jersey?
Stretches, drapes softly and doesn't crease easily, good insulators.
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What are the negatives of using single jersey?
Easily distorted, ladders easily when snagged, curls at the edges.
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What is single jersey used for?
T-shirts, jumpers and underwear.
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What type of knit is single jersey?
Weft knit.
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How is double jersey made?
Made on 2 sets of needle beds where needles are opposite eachother and work alternately.
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What does it take to produce one row?
Takes 2 courses to produce a row of loops on face and back.
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Describe the positives of double jersey
Compact, stable, durable and retain their shape.
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What is a negative of double jersey?
Not very elastic.
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What can double jersey be used for?
T-shirts, underwear, polo shirts, sportswear, leggings and skirts.
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What type of knit is double jersey?
Weft knit
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How is rib knit produced?
Using 2 sets of needles which are staggered.
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How is rib knit made?
Alternate loops are knitted in opposite directions to form vertical lines in the fabric.
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What is rib knit used for?
Jumpers, waistcoats, underwear and socks.
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What type of knit is jacquard knit?
Weft knit
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Describe the design of jacquard
Patterned design in 3 or more colours.
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How is jacquard made?
By selecting needles to knot coloured yarns in a specified pattern using CAD/CAM.
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What happens if the colour is not required on the face?
It floats on the back.
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What is jacquard used for?
Winter knitwear.
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What type of knit is pique knit?
Weft-knit
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What is this associated with?
Original Lacoste Alligator Polo shirt.
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What is pique sometimes called and describe its appearance
Called mesh. Textured face with tiny holes and a smooth back.
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What is the construction designed to do?
Pull moisture from the skin and wick it into the air.
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What is pique often used for?
Sportswear, polo shirts.
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What are warp-knitted fabrics made on?
Straight/flat or circular knitting machines.
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How do the loops interlock?
Interlock from side to side and travel vertically along the length
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What are the positives of warp knits?
Stretchy, do not ladder, stronger than weft, can't be unravelled.
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What is a negative of warp knits?
Curls when cut.
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What can warp knits be used for?
Leisure and sportswear, furnishings and sheets, swimwear, underwear.
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What are examples of warp knits?
Tricot, velour, terry.
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Describe the construction of warp knit
Using many separate yarns which are interlaced sideways.
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Describe the warp thread
Runs parallel to the selvedge.
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What is locknit a combination of?
Combination of Tricot and a 2x1 plain knit stitches made from filament yarns.
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What is the lustrous fabric used for?
Lining and underwear.
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Describe the appearance of the face and back
Face has vertical wales of small loops, the back shows a zig zag formation.
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What type of knit is atlas
Warp knit
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Describe the construction of atlas knit
A set of yarns shifts diagonally one wale per course for several courses, then returns to original.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the advantageous properties of weft knit?

Back

Drapes well, rarely creases, smooth face, stretchy.

Card 3

Front

What are the negative properties of weft knits?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe plain weft knit

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How is single jersey made?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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