Kidney and Urinary System Anatomy

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1. The distal convoluted tubule walls are formed by ______

  • Cuboidal epithelial cells, which lack microvilli
  • Simple squamous epithelium on the descending, and collumnar/cuboidal on the ascending
  • two cell types: the principle cells with short microvilli and incalated cuboidal cells with abundant microvilli
  • Cuboidal epithelial cells, with luminal surfaces covered in dense microvilli
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2. The collecting duct walls are formed by __________

  • Cuboidal epithelial cells, with luminal surfaces covered in dense microvilli
  • Cuboidal epithelial cells, which lack microvilli
  • two cell types: the principle cells with short microvilli and incalated cuboidal cells with abundant microvilli
  • Simple squamous epithelium on the descending, and collumnar/cuboidal on the ascending

3. Prevents infections from spreading to the kidney

  • Fibrous capsule
  • Perirenal fat capsule
  • Renal fascia

4. If the fatty encasement dwindles, it could cause

  • Renal ptosis
  • Adrenal and liver ptosis

5. The two types of nephrons are cortical and _______

  • Juxtamedullary
  • Pappilae

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