KI1- How strong was Weimar Germany in the 1920s

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What happened to the German Mark?
It lost value
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What happened to Industry?
It made vast profits which led to resentment
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What happened to agriculture?
It declined
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What happened during the Rhur invasion?
The strikers needed to be paid which meant printing money, this had led to inflation
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How was the war paid for?
by borrowing money not taxation
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What shortages were there?
food and fuel shortages
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What did people die from after the war?
Starvation and flu epidemic
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What party was formed in opposition to war?
USPD
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What happened in 1918?
There was an armistice
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What happened to the Kaiser in Germany?
November 28th 1918
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Who imposed democracy?
American Wilson and allies
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What was Germany forced to sign?
The War Guilt Clause 231
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What restrictions were enforced?
Restrictions of the armed forces, no air force
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What percentage of land was lost?
13%
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What percentage of population was lost?
12%
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How much reparations needed to be paid over What period?
132,000 million marks over 30 years
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What was Germany said to have been?
"stabbed in the back"
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By who?
"The November Criminals"
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What happened to power after the Kaiser had abdicated?
It gave power to a parliamentary democracy led by the moderate socialist Ebert
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What did the early deal with General Groener mean?
The army would support the new democracy if the army structure is left alone
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What structure did the government have?
Proportional representation
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What is wrong with the President?
They had emergency powers ( Article 48)
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What threats were from the left?
Sparticist Uprising 1919 defeated by Freikorps
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What threats were from the right?
The Kapp Putsch 1920 defeated by workers strikes
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When was the Rhur uprising and what was it defeated by?
1920 and the Freikorps
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What was wrong with coalition governments?
Weak because of too many small parties
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HOw many coalitions were in the first 18 months
4 coalitions
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Between 1919 and 1933 How many elections, coalitions and chancellors were there?
9 elections, 18 coalitions and 14 chancellors
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What was the importance of Ebert?
Ebert was determined to make parliamentary democracy work at any costs and so used methods, such as use of Freikorps, that increased resentment
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When was the Munich Putsch?
1923
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What happened in the Munich Putsch?
Hitler failed due to poor organisation, trial led to publicity faced life in jail
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How long did HItler serve in jail?
5 years
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What did Hitler write in jail?
Mein Kampf
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When was the Invasion of the Rhur?
1923
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What was the Invasion of the Rhur caused by?
German technical default on timber reparations and led to French and Belgian occupation
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What was the result?
A policy of passive resistance but to still function economically Germany had to print money
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What did this result in?
Hyperinflation
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What did hyperinflation lead to?
Industrialists benefitting but many losing out, especially to those with savings or on fixed incomes(middle class)
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HOw was Hyperinflation solved?
It was solved by new chancellor Stresemann in late 1923 by temporarily rplacing the currency with the rentenmark-but Weimar still blamed
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What did the Great Coalition of 1923 consist of?
SPD, DPP and DVP
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What did Stresemann become in November 1923? until when?
Foreign Minister until his death in 1929
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What did Stresemann call off?
Passive resistance and got french to leave the Rhur
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When was the Treaty of Berlin signed?
1926
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With who?
USSR
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When was the Locarno pact signed?
1925
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What did it say?
Stresemann accepted the borders of France
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when did Germany join the League of Nation?
1926
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What did this show?
Acceptance of Germany's international role again
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What agreement did Germany sign?
Kellogg-Briand Agreement 1926
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What did this show?
against the use of force
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When was the Dawes Plan signed and What did it say?
1924 and reduced payements for 1st 5 years and given an 800 million mark loan to help stabilise economy
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When was the Young plan signed? What did it say?
1929 and reduced payements to 37,000 million maks over 58 years so lower annual payements and allied troops fully withdrawn
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What new movements were introduced?
Art and literature
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What were examples of these movements?
Otto Dix and Dada
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What was encouraged for women?
increasingly independent, smoking and wearing makeup
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What was there none of between 1921 and 1929?
No uprisings
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What did modern movements led to?
desire to return to old traditions
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When was their agricultural depression?
27
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Who had become chancellor in 1925?
Hindenburg
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How many Seats did Hitler have in 1929?
12 seats
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What happened to Industry?

Back

It made vast profits which led to resentment

Card 3

Front

What happened to agriculture?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened during the Rhur invasion?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How was the war paid for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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