Keywords Unit 1 1.3-3.6

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Asslum Seeker
Someone who has applied for protection as a refugee and has not yet been told whether they will be accepted.
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Suffrage
The right to vote.
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Suffragette
Person who campaigned for the right of women to vote.
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Consumer
A person who buys goods or services for their own use.
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Citizens Advice Bureau (CAB)
An organization that offers free advice on consumer and other legal matters.
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Trading Standards Department
An official body that inforces consumer-based law.
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European Union (EU)
A group of 25 countries that work together, e.g on enviromental, social and ecomomic issues.
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Enploment Laws
Laws passed by Paliament and by the EU they set out the rights and responsibilities of employers and employees
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Pressure groups
A group that tries to change public opnions or goverment policy to its own views or beliefs.
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Trade Unions
Organizations that look after the intrests of a group of employees.
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Contract of Employment
A document that details an employee's and employer's responsibilies for a job.
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Employment Tribunal
A type of court that deals only with disagreements over employment laws.
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Reudancy
When a person loses their job because the job doesn't need to be done anymore.
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Warning
Written or spokent warning given by an employer to an employee if the employer thinks the employee has been breaking the contract or employment.
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Dismissal
When an employer ends and employee's contract of employment (Sacking).
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Media
Ways of communitcating with larger numbers of people.
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Journalist
A person who gathers news and produces reports for the media.
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Editor
The person who is responsible fo the content of a newspaper or television or radio.
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Spin Doctor
Someone who tries to get certain stories into the public eye and to make bad news sound better.
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Bias
To favour one thing over another unfairly (One sided)
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Libel
Writing untrue things about people.
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Censorship
Limiting the information given to the general public.
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Press Freedom
The ability of the press to give information and express opinion.
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Press Code
Guidelines for the media and jounalists about the information they gather and how they obtain it.
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Slander
Saying incorrect things about people.
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Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA)
A UK law designed to protect personal information that is stored on computors or in an organised paper filing system.
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Opinion Poll
Questioning a sample of the population to build a picture of the views of the public on a particular topic.
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Stakeholder
Someone who has an intrest in a decision that is being made.
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Civil Laws
This covers disputes between indivduals or groups. Civil law cases are often about rights.
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County Court
A local court that has limited powers in civil cases.
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Criminal Law
This deals with offences such as murders and drug dealing. These cases are between the Crown Prosecution Service and the offender.
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Crown Court
Courts held in towns in England and Wales where judges hear cases,
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High Court
The court where judges hear cases on very serious crimes.
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Magistrates' Court
A court held before two or more public officers dealing with minor crimes.
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Small Claims Court
A locla court, which hears civil cases involving small amounts of money.
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Judge
A person who decides questions of law in a court.
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Judiciary
All of the judges in a country.
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Barrister
A lawyer who represnts and speaks for their clients in court.
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Jury
A group of people who decide if someone is guilty in a court of law.
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Probation Officer
Someone who writes court reports in offenders and supervises them in the community.
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Solicitor
A lawyer who gives legal advice and may speak for their clients in court.
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Recorder
A barrister or solicitor of at least ten years' experience, who acts as a part time judge in a crown court.
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Sue
To make a claim against someone or something.
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Mitigating
Making something less servere or less intense.
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Representative Democracy
A type of democracy where citizens have the right to choose someone to represent them on a council or in Paliament
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School Council
A group of people who represnt the classes and year groups of the school. they give students the opportunity to particapate in decision-making.
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Council
A group of people who are elected to look after the affairs of a town, distric or country.
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Manifesto
A published statement of the aims and polices of a political party.
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Polictical Party
An organsed group of people with common aims who put up candidates for elections.
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Polling Station
A place where votes are cast.
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Ward
An area that forms a seperate part of a local council.
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Business Rates
A form of tax paid by all the businesses in an area. the amount a busienss pays ddepends on the rent that could be charged for their premises.
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Council Tax
A tac paid by everyone who lives in an area. It is based on the value of their house.
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Forward Plan
A document that sets out the aims of the council in the long term.
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Minutes
A formal record of what has been said and a meeting.
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Ombudsman
A person who investigates complaits against the government or a public organistations.
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Youth Council
A group of young people who meet to discuss what is going on in the local area and put their ideas to the council.
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Canvassing
When people try to persuade others the vote for their party in an election.
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Speaker
The MP elected to act as chairman for debates in the House of Commons.
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Lobby
To try and persuade MP's to support a particular point of views.
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Cabinet
Group of MPs who head major goverment departments. Meets weekly to make decisionsabout how government policy will be carried out.
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House of Commons
Its memebers are elected by the public. (They have more power).
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Prime Minister
The leader of the majority party in the House of Commons and the leader of the government.
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Secretay of State
An MP who is in charge of a government department such as health or defence.
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Minister of State
An assistant to the Secretary of State.
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Shadow Cabinet
MPs from the main opposition party who 'Shadow' MPs who head major goverment departments.
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Accountable
Responsible for it and have to explain your actions.
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Public Consultation
Asking the public about their opnions on changes in the law, policies or large-scale developments
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Green Paper
Puts foward an idea that the government wants to discussed before it starts to develp a policy.
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White Paper
Puts Government policy up for discussion before it becomes law.
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Oppostion
Polictical parites who are not in power.
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Constituancy
The area represntented by an MP.
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Public Opnion
The popular view.
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Act
Law passed by paliament
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Bill
Propasal to change soemthing into a law.
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General Election
An election for a new governement - at least every five years in the UK.
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Advocacy
Arguing on behalf of a particular issue.
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Assembly
A body of people elected to decide on some areas of spending in a region.
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Devolution
The transfer of power of power from central to regional government.
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Hereditary Peers
People who inherited the title 'Lord' or 'Lady'.
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People's Peers
People who are selected to sit in the House of Lords.
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Referendum
A vote by the whole electorate on a particular issue.
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Electorate
All those who registor to vote.
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First Past the Post
An electoral system where voters have one vote per consistuency and the candidate with the most votes wins.
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Proportional Representation
An electoral system in which the number of seats a party wins is roughly proportaionalto its national share of the vote.
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Dictatorship
A country's leader makes all the decisions with no reference to the population.
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Renewable
Able to replaced or restored.
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Sustainable Development
Living now in a way that doesn't damage the future needs.
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Local Agenda 21
A global plan to ask local people how they think their immediate environment could be improved.
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Volenteer
Someone who works for free for a community.
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Voluntary Organizations
Organisations with a social purpoe that do not aim to make a profit.
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Refugee
Person who has been forced to leave their country and must live somewhere else.
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Euro
The name of the single currancy used by a group of countries in the EU.
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Single Currency
The Euro.
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Memeber State
A country that is a member of the EU.
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European Ombudsman
A person who investigates complaints against the EU.
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Commonwealth of Nations
A voluntary group of independant countries.
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United Nations (UN)
An international organsation that tries to encourage peace, cooperation and friendship between countries.
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Customs Duty
Taxes on products brought from other countries.
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LEDC
Less Economically Developed Counties
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Boycott
To Refuse to use or have anything to do with something.
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Fair Trade
A way or buying and selling products that aims to pay the producer a fair price.
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Free Trade
Trade between countries that is not restricted by things like hight taxes on imports.
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Globalization
The increasing interdependence of the world.
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Fossil fuel
A natually occuring fuel, such as coal or natural gas.
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Global Warning.
The rise int the average surface temperature of the Earth.
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Geneva Convention
An internationally accepted set of rules on the treatment of people in war.
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International Criminal Court
The Court that deals with the most serious crimes against humanity and with war crimes.
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European Court of Human Rights
This court was set up to enforce the European Convention on Human Rights
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Genocide
Mass murder of a racial or national or religous group.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The right to vote.

Back

Suffrage

Card 3

Front

Person who campaigned for the right of women to vote.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A person who buys goods or services for their own use.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An organization that offers free advice on consumer and other legal matters.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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