Keywords & Definitions

Keywords and definitions that are useful to know for Epistemology.

Some arguments have also been included to help back up the keywords.

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Innate Ideas
knowledge you are born with (Trademark Argument)
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Tabula Rasa
The idea that we were born with no knowledge - Blank Slate (Locke- Baby/idiot argument)
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Rationalism
The belief that some knowledge is not from our senses (All triangles have three sides)
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Induction
Knowledge that we gain through our experiences. (Russell - Chicken argument)
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Empiricism
The view that all of our knowledge comes from our senses. ( "I know that chair in front of me is blue because i can see it" - I see a blue chair)
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Deduction
Knowledge that has certainty (MATT is Taller than Lucy, LUCY is Taller than Gemma, therefore MATT is taller than BOTH Gemma and Lucy)
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A Priori
Knowledge that comes PRIOR to our senses (All triangles have three sides)
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A Prosteriori
Knowledge that comes from our senses (I can see a chair therefore i know that the chair is there)
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Analytical statements
Statements that are true by definition (All triangles have 3 sides)
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Synthetic
New knowledge that isn't analytic - important
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Contingent
Not necessarily true (All dogs have 4 legs - not true as a dog could have lost a leg)
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Necessary
Cannot be false (All triangles have 3 sides)
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Simple Idea
An idea that cannot be broken down (The colour blue)
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Complex Idea
Simple ideas put together (Blue Banana)
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Solipsism
The idea that nothing but our minds exist.
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Primary Qualities
Qualities that an object has regardless of how it's being perceived. (Include: movement, shape and size)
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Secondary Qualties
Include: colour, taste and smell
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Direct Realism
The belief that the world is exactly the way that it is (If we see and feel a chair we know that it's there and that it exists because of our sense data)
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Representative Realism
The idea that we don't see the world, just representations of it.
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Idealism
This idea that there is no external world, just minds and their ideas.
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Cogito Ergo Sum
I think therefore i am
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Substantive
Important
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The idea that we were born with no knowledge - Blank Slate (Locke- Baby/idiot argument)

Back

Tabula Rasa

Card 3

Front

The belief that some knowledge is not from our senses (All triangles have three sides)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Knowledge that we gain through our experiences. (Russell - Chicken argument)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The view that all of our knowledge comes from our senses. ( "I know that chair in front of me is blue because i can see it" - I see a blue chair)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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