key words for sex and gender

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sex identity
a biological term. A childs sex can be indentified by their hormones and chromosones. This determines whether the childs sex identity is male or female
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gender identity
a psychological term. A childs gender can be identified by their attitudes and behaviour. This determines whether the childs gender identity is masculine or feminine
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phallic stage
Frueds third stage of psychosexual development, in which gender development takes place
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identification
to adopt the attitudes and behaviours of the same-sex parent
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Oedipus complex
the conflict experienced by a boy in the phallic stage because he unconsciously desies his mother and is afraid of his father
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Electra complex
the conflict experienced by a girl because she unconsciously desires her father and is afraid of losing her mothers love
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gender disturbance
not developing the gender identity usually associated with ones sex
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modelling
a role model provides an example for the child
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imitation
copying the behaviour of a model
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vicarious reinforcement
learning from the models being either rewarded or punished
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media
means of communication - television, radio, internet and newspapers are all examples of different types of media
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gender stereotypes
believing that all males are similar and all females are similar
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gender schema
a mental building block of knowledge that contains information about each gender
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gender role
behaviour seen as masculine or feminine by a particular culture
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highly gender schematised
where gender is an important way of thinking about the world so information is organised according to what is gender inappropriate
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Card 2

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a psychological term. A childs gender can be identified by their attitudes and behaviour. This determines whether the childs gender identity is masculine or feminine

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gender identity

Card 3

Front

Frueds third stage of psychosexual development, in which gender development takes place

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

to adopt the attitudes and behaviours of the same-sex parent

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the conflict experienced by a boy in the phallic stage because he unconsciously desies his mother and is afraid of his father

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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