key words for learning

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classical conditioning
a procedure during which an animal or person learns to associate a reflex response with new stimulus
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classical consitioning schedual
the steps in the procedure to copndition a new response
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unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
the stimulus that produces a reflex response
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uncondtioned response(UCR)
the reflex responsse to an unconditioned stimulus
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conditioned stimulus (CS)
a new stimulus presented with the UCS
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conditioned Response (CR)
the response that is learnt; it now occus when the when the CS is present
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extinction
a condtioned response dies out
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spontaneous recovery
a condtioned response that hs disappeared suddenly appears again
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Generalisation
the conditioned response is produced when a similar stimulus to original condtioned stimulus is presented
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discrimination
(with reference to conditioning) the conditioned response is only produced when a specific stimulus is presented
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operant conditioning
learning due to the consequences of behaviour, through positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement
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law of effect
behaviours that are followed be rewards are usually repeated; those that are punished are not usually repeated
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punishment
a stimulus that weakens behaviour because it is unpleasant and we try to avoid it
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reinfrorcement
a consequence of behaviour that encourages or strengthens a behaviour. This might be seen as a reward
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positive reinforcement
a reward or pleasant consequence that increases the likelihood that behaviour or actoin will be repeated
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negative reinforcement
when an unpleasant experiance is removed after a behaviour or action has been made. This increases the likelihood of that behaviour or action being repeated
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behaviour shaping
changing behaviour in small steps
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Phobia
a persistent and irrational fear of an object, activity or situation. The typical symptoms are intense feelings of fear and anxiety to avoid the object, activity or situation.
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flooding
a treatment for phobias that involves the immediate exposure of the person to the feared object, activity or event, until there is no fear response
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systematic desesitisation
a treatment for phobias in which the person is taught to relax and then is gradually exposed to the feared object, activity or event
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hierachy of fears
a series of feared events ranked from least frightening to most frightening
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aversion therapy
a treatment for addictions, scuh as drug and alcohol dependency, whcih makes the addict have an extremely negative reaction to the addictive substance
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primacy reinforcer
a reward, such as food or water, that the animal or person needs in order to survive
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secondary reinforcer
a reward, such as money or a token, that the animal or person can exchange for a primacy reinforcer
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Card 2

Front

the steps in the procedure to copndition a new response

Back

classical consitioning schedual

Card 3

Front

the stimulus that produces a reflex response

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the reflex responsse to an unconditioned stimulus

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a new stimulus presented with the UCS

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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