key words for development of personality

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personality
the thoughts, feelings and behaviours that make an individual unique
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temperament
the genetic component of personality
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longitudinal study
a study carried out to show how behaviour changes over time
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monozygotic twins
twins developed from one fertilised egg
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dizygotic twins
twins developed from two separately fertilised eggs
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type theory
personality types are thought to be inherited. They can described using related traits
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extroversion
a personality type that describes people who look to the outside world for entertainment
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introversion
a personality type that describes people who are content with their own company
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neuroticism
a personality type that describes people who are highly emotional and show a quick, intense reaction to fear
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personality scale
ways of measuring personality using yes/no questions
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psychoticism
a third dimension identified by Eysenck. people who score highly on this dimension are hostile, aggressive, intensive and cruel.
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APD ( Antisocial Personality Disorder)
a condition in which the individual does not use socially acceptable behaviour or consider the rights of others
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DSM-IV TR
lists different mental disorders and the criteria for diagnosing them
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amygdala
part of the brain involved in emotion
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grey matter
the outer layer of the brain
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prefrontal cortex
the very front of the brain. It is involved on social and moral behaviour and controls aggression
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socioeconomic factors
social and financial issues that can affect an individual
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the genetic component of personality

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temperament

Card 3

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a study carried out to show how behaviour changes over time

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Card 4

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twins developed from one fertilised egg

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Card 5

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twins developed from two separately fertilised eggs

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