Key words

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Birth rate
The number of births in a year per 1000 people
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Death rate
The number of deaths in a year per 1000 people
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Growth rate
The number of people in a year a population increases or decreases by per 1000 people
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Doubling time
The time it takes for the population to double
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Infant mortality rate
The number of deaths of infants (
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Life expectancy
The number of years that a person in a given population can expect to live
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Dependency ratio
The proportion of the population not in work (young and elderly dependants) who are dependant on those who work
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Fertility rate
The average number of children expected to be born to a woman over her lifetime
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Replacement level
The number of children needed per couple to maintain a population size. It is normally judged to be 2.1 to allow for deaths in early life.
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High fluctuating
Stage one of the DTM eg. The Gambia
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Early expanding
Stage two of the DTM eg. Botswana
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Late expanding
Stage three of the DTM eg.India
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Low fluctuating
Stage four of the DTM eg.USA
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Decline
Stage five of the DTM eg.Japan
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Migration
The movement of people from one area to another
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Voluntary migration
When people migrate out of choice for a better quality of life
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Forced migration
When people have little or no choice but to move from an area eg. war or natural disaster
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Internal migration
When people migrate within the same country or region
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International migration
When people migrate between countries
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Emigration
When someone leaves a country
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Immigration
When someone enters a country
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Source nations
Countries from which migrants have come
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Host nations
Countries to which migrants decide to go
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Optimum population
The population at which the quality of life of the people of a country or region is the highest possible at a given level of technological development
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Overpopulation
When any increase in population reduces the average quality of life of the population
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Underpopulation
When an increase in population could increase the average quality of life
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Genocide
The deliberate and systematic destruction or killing of an entire people who belong the one racial, political, cultural or religious group.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The number of deaths in a year per 1000 people

Back

Death rate

Card 3

Front

The number of people in a year a population increases or decreases by per 1000 people

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The time it takes for the population to double

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The number of deaths of infants (

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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