key words

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: katie
  • Created on: 05-01-15 15:05
Defence mechanisms
Ways of dealing with feelings unconciously->repression...
1 of 76
Repression
This stops disturbing or threatening tought from becoming concious
2 of 76
Denial
This is when you block events from your conciousness
3 of 76
Projection
When a person puts their bad thoughts and feelings onto another person in their conciousness
4 of 76
Displacement
Taking out a feeling or a though on a substitution-> punching a wall not a person
5 of 76
Regression
A step backwards psycologically, revertng to old habits to deal with new stress
6 of 76
Sublimation
Displacement but in a socially acceptable environment for example sports
7 of 76
Unconcious mind
This is the part of your emotion which is internal not thought about and processed
8 of 76
1. Id, 2.Ego, 3.Super ego
1.Irrational personality, 2.Rational personality, 3.Concious right/wrong
9 of 76
Scripts
Behaviour which is assosiated with specific schemes
10 of 76
Schema
cognative framwork to help us interpret and organise information
11 of 76
Hypothesis types
Non directional-there will be a change, Directional-there will be a changeup/down, Null-there will be no change
12 of 76
Pysicological psycologist
Bodily processes-> hormones = aggresion
13 of 76
Social psycologists
Social interactions-> others behavior = aggresion
14 of 76
Learning theory
Learned behaviour from others
15 of 76
Psychoanalytical theory
Freud- hidden unconcious cause to the behaviour
16 of 76
Socail learning theory
Behaviours are learnt from other people->observation, imitation modeling
17 of 76
Cognitive/ informational prcessing theory
Looks at how we process information and stimuli we are presented wit, the brain is looked at like a computer
18 of 76
Evolutionary theory
Evolution sculpted our brains and thoughts as well as our bodies, there are many mechanisms which make up our behavior which are purely based on the survival instincts we have inheritted
19 of 76
UCS
Unconditioned stimulus
20 of 76
UCR
Unconditioned respsponse
21 of 76
NS CS
Nuetral stimulus, Conditioned stimulus
22 of 76
CR
Conditioned response
23 of 76
Classical conditioning
Pavlov's dogs-> a UCS is linked to a NS making a CS with a CR which matches the origional UCR
24 of 76
Operant conditioning version 1
Instremental learning, learned through trial and error Edward Thorndike(cat escapeologist)
25 of 76
Operant conditioning version 2
Positive effect increases chance of behanviour, negative effect decreases chance of behaviour B.F. Skinner(rats food and electrocution)
26 of 76
Positive reinforcement
Behaviour prompts reward->increase chance of the behaviour being repeated
27 of 76
Negative reinforcement
Behaviour prompts the removal of a bad stimuli->increase chance of the behaviour being repeated
28 of 76
Positive punishment
Behaviour prompts punishment->chance of behaviour decreases
29 of 76
Negative punishment
Bevhaviour prompts the removal of a reward->chance of behaviour decreases
30 of 76
Sectioning
When a doctor or a psyciatrist admits a patient as they are thought to be a risk to themselves or others, no consent is needed
31 of 76
Deveation from social normality
When people behave in a way which is not expected or socially excepltable. Severity based ont he level of disconfort it causes others
32 of 76
Failure to function
When a person can no longer live a normal life due to thier mental health issues, assessed on a GAF scale(global assesment of functioning)-no problems to persistent danger of harming themselves or others
33 of 76
DIMH
Deviation for ideal mental health- this is when you are ot perfect mentally, its very rare to not have DIMH in some form or another; self esteem, personal growth, intergration, independance, reality, mastry
34 of 76
APD
Anti-social personality disorder- failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful bahaviour, repeatedly performing acts which could get you aressted
35 of 76
Biological approach
Looks at the physical causes of abnormality- biochemistry and brain damage
36 of 76
Gene environment interaction
You are genetically suseptable but a environmental trigger is needed to cause the development of a condition
37 of 76
Depresion
Low seretonin
38 of 76
Schizophrenia
High dopamine
39 of 76
Parkinsons
Low dopamine
40 of 76
Independant groups
Each group only experiences one condition
41 of 76
Repeated meausres
One group of participants which experiences every condition
42 of 76
Matched pairs design
There are groups of participants which are matched based on different characteristics
43 of 76
Demand charateristics
Participants do what they think is expected/wanted of them
44 of 76
Behavioural approach
Abnormal behaviour is the consequence of abnormal learning
45 of 76
Albert Ellis ABC
Activating event->Beliefs(irrational thoughts)->Consequences(Emotions and behaviours)
46 of 76
Beck's triad of negative thinking
Negative view of self -> Negative view of the world -> Negative view of the future
47 of 76
Biological treatments
ECT, TMS(trans magnetic stimulation), Drugs -> anti-depressants, anti-anxiety and anti-psycotic
48 of 76
Lab experiment
In controlled conditions, all variable are controlled, participants are aware
49 of 76
Field experiment
The IV is directly maniulated by the experimenter, participants are unaware
50 of 76
Natural experiment
They look at a specific variable and the effect it is having, no manipulation from the experimenter
51 of 76
Natural observation
Behaviour is oberved but not interpreted
52 of 76
Behavioural therapy->systematic desensatisation
Two versions:In vitro and In vivo, three steps->1.Functional analysis(heirarchy of fears) 2.Relaxation trainning 3.Graduated exposure
53 of 76
Psycodynamic approach
Freud: psychoanalysis, working through past problems which need resolved from the past, works best for:Young, Attreactive, Verbal, Intelligant and Succesful
54 of 76
Normative social influence
Conforming to seem socialy acceptable
55 of 76
Informational social influence
Conforming because they are uncertain of the correct way to behave/ answer
56 of 76
Social impact theory
Conformity varries based on: Strength, Knowledge and status and Immediacy
57 of 76
Majority influence
The few are convinced by the many as they are strong: social impact theory
58 of 76
Minority influence
Snowball effect, the minority can have an effect on the majority over time
59 of 76
Compliance
Conforming to the majority view in public, but remaining the same in private
60 of 76
Identification
Conforming to the behaviour expected of you as a certain role in society may not change privately
61 of 76
Internalisation
Conforms publicly and privately
62 of 76
Authoratarian personality
Submissive to authority figures, takes out anger on others, rated on the F-scale(Faisum scale)
63 of 76
Locus of control
Internal or external locus of control, internal=I am in control, external=I am not in control
64 of 76
Acute stress response Sympathomedullary pathway
Stressor->Hypothalamus->Sympathetic branch of ANS(adreanaline glands)->Adrenaline medulla->Adrenaline and noradrenaline
65 of 76
Chronic stress response Pituitary adrenaline system
Stressor->Hypothalamus->CRH->Pituitary gland->ACTH->Adrenal cortex->Cortisol
66 of 76
Stress response
Alarm, Resistance, Exhaustion
67 of 76
Personality type A
Competative, time urgent and hostile/aggresive
68 of 76
Personality type B
Relaxed, express emotion and only take on one task at a time
69 of 76
Oppertunistic sampling
Whoever is nearest
70 of 76
Stratisfied sampling
Sample represents the population (30% of population are pentioners so 30% of sample are)
71 of 76
Voluntary sampling
whoever volunteers
72 of 76
Random sampling
Names out of a hat
73 of 76
Problem focused coping
Dealing with the problem trying to find a solution
74 of 76
Emotion focused coping
Targets the emotional side of the stressor
75 of 76
Hardiness
Commitment, Control, Challenge
76 of 76

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

This stops disturbing or threatening tought from becoming concious

Back

Repression

Card 3

Front

This is when you block events from your conciousness

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

When a person puts their bad thoughts and feelings onto another person in their conciousness

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Taking out a feeling or a though on a substitution-> punching a wall not a person

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all All of it so far resources »