Key Words

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Urbanisation
An increase in the percentage of people living in towns and cities.
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Urban Sprawl
The growth of towns and cities. Usually seen as a bad thing.
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Megacity
A city of 10 million people or more.
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Suburbs
Outlying districts of a town or city. Often dominated by housing.
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Push Factors
These push people away from a place, e.g. shortage of jobs, low wages, at risk of natural disasters such as flooding.
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Pull Factors
These attract people to a place, e.g.low crime rates, better health care, better education.
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Rural-Urban Migration
The movement of people from the countryside to towns and cities where they wish to live permanently.
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Bronchitis
Inflamination of the tubes (bronchioles) leading to the lungs. Usually caused by smog.
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Smog
A mixture of smoke and fog.
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Photochemical Smog
Where smog combines with sunlight to form ozone, causing serious health problems such as eye irritations, breathing problems and vomiting.
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Sustainable
Meeting the needs of people today without damaging the enviornment or exploiting resources for the future.
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Social
Social points include: life expectancy, crime rates, health care, housing quality, literacy rates.
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Economics
Economic points include: jobs, income, education, home owner ship, unemployment levels.
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Enviornment
Enviornmental points include: pollution, cycle lanes, green space, vandilism, public transport.
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Quality of Life
General conditions people live in e.g. economic, income, social, health.
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Life Expectancy
Average number of years a person may be expected to live.
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Deprivation
Where a persons quality of life falls below a level that is regarded as the acceptable minimum by the government of the country. This usually means that this person doesnt have enough resources for a healthy life.
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Deprived Area
Places where economic, social and enviornment conditions are very poor.
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Socio-economic inequalities
The difference between peoples lifes and jobs.
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Inner City
On the outskirts of the city center.
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Regeneration
Improving an area that was previously run down.
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Commuter
Someone that travels to work.
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Self Help Schemes
People taking repsonsibilities for improving their own living conditions.
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Non-Government Organisation (NGO)
NGO is and organisation that is independant of government control, usually charitable organisations e.g. oxfam, save the children.
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Brownfield Land
Old industrial pr housing area that has become run down or derelict.
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Ecological Footprint
The impact of an individual on the Earth. Measured in hectares per person.
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Urban Regeneration
Improving social and/or economic conditions in run down urban areas.
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Carbon Zero
Resources that do not create carbon dioxide.
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Eco-Homes
Home that have a minimum impact on the enviornment.
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Urban Heat Island
Where a built up area has a higher temperature than its surroundings.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The growth of towns and cities. Usually seen as a bad thing.

Back

Urban Sprawl

Card 3

Front

A city of 10 million people or more.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Outlying districts of a town or city. Often dominated by housing.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

These push people away from a place, e.g. shortage of jobs, low wages, at risk of natural disasters such as flooding.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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