Key Terms of ENGB1 - Language Methods

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Metalanguage
Set of technical terms used to describe how language operates.
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Lexis
Method that deals with the vocabulary system of language.
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Semantics
Method that deals with meaning and how its generated within texts.
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Textual Cohesion
Term used to describe how a text is logically structured to create a coherent sense of meaning.
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Subject Pronoun
A pronoun that usually occurs as the actor in a verbal process.
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Object Pronoun
A pronoun that usually appears as being affected by a verb process.
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Possessive Pronoun
A pronoun that demonstrates ownership.
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Lexical Words
Words that carry explicit meaning and serve to highlight relationships between other words.
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Functional Words
Words that have less explicit meaning and serve to highlight relationships between other words.
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Material Processess
Describing actions or events.
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Relational Processess
Describing states of being, identification or attributes.
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Mental Processes
Describing perception, thoughts or speech.
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Dynamic Verbs
Verbs where the situation described by the verb process changes over time, for example "he ate the cake" involves a dynamic process.
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Stative Verbs
Verbs that describes a state of affairs rather than an action e.g. know.
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Cohesion
A measure of how well a text fits together as a whole, its internal logic and construction.
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Referencing
When lexical items replace those already mentioned or about to be mentioned.
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Anaphoric Referencing
Referencing back to an already stated lexical item.
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Cataphoric referencing
Referencing forwards to an as yet undisclosed lexical item.
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Substitution
The replacing of one set of lexical items for another.
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Ellipsis
The missing out of a word or words in a sentence.
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Denotation
A strict "dictionary" meaning of a lexical term.
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Connotation
An associated, symbolic meaning relying on culturally shared conventiones.
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Semantic or lexical field
Lexical items that are similar in range of meaning and properties.
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Synonymy
Words with very similar semantic value.
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Antonymy
Words with opposite semantic value.
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Hyponymy
The term for the hierarchical structure that exists between lexical terms.
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Euphemism
A socially acceptable word or phrase used to avoid talking about something potentially distasteful.
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Dysphemism
A harsh, 'to-the-point' and perhaps taboo term, sometimes used for a dark humorous effect.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Method that deals with the vocabulary system of language.

Back

Lexis

Card 3

Front

Method that deals with meaning and how its generated within texts.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Term used to describe how a text is logically structured to create a coherent sense of meaning.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A pronoun that usually occurs as the actor in a verbal process.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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