Key Terms for Tudor Period

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Poyning's Law (Ireland) (1495)
Marked beginning of Tudor rule in Ireland, although Henry VII still relied on Old English nobles, e.g. Kildare
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Intercursus Magnus (1496)
Commercial treaty between England and the Low Countries - meant Margaret of York had to accept Tudor legitimacy
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Intercursus Malus (1506)
Removed all duties from English textile exports without reciprocity
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Praemunire
The offence of asserting or maintaining papal jurisdiction in England; Church charged with it in 1531
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Kildare Rebellion (1534)
1000 men in Munster to invade Pale - called on Catholic Church for help but main objective was to expel English administration. Cost £25000. 75 Executions
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Myles Coverdale Bible (1535)
First English bible
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Cathusians
Monks of London Charterhouse
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Pilgrimage of Grace (1536)
Led by Robert Aske, protesting against Break with Rome, Dissolution of the Monasteries and Cromwell
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Act for the Advancement of True Religion (1543)
Restricts reading of bible to clerics, noblemen, gentry and richer merchants
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Litany
Series of petitions for use in church services or processions, usually recited by the clergy and responded to in a recurring formula by the people
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Schmalkadic League
Defensive alliance of Lutheran princes within Holy Roman Empire
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Augsburg Interim (Holy Roman Empire) (1548)
It ordered Protestants to readopt traditional Catholic beliefs and practices, including the seven Sacraments, although it also allowed for Protestant clergymen the right to marry and for the laity to receive communion in both kinds (bread and wine)
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Treaty of Haddington (1548)
Franco-Scottish alliance which promised marriage between Mary, Queen of Scots and the Dauphin
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Camping Time (1549)
Riots and rebellions across southern England
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Treaty of Boulogne (1550)
Anglo-French peace treaty in which England withdrew from Scotland. France also regained Boulogne in return for an indemnity
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Treaty of Norham (1551)
Anglo-Scottish treaty bringing formal end to Rough Wooings
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Synod
An assembly of the clergy and sometimes also the laity in a diocese or other division of a particular Church
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Diocese
A district under the pastoral care of a bishop in the Christian Church
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Chaseabout Raid (1565)
Abortive Scottish rebellion led by Earl of Mora and Duke of Chatelherault, in response to Mary's marriage to Darnley and their exclusion from power
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Vestiarian Controversy (1565-6)
Question of whether clerical vestments should be worn
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Battle of Carberry (1567)
No actual violence; Mary surrendered and was briefly taken to Edinburgh before being imprisoned in Lochleven
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Northern Rising (1569)
Unsuccessful attempt by Catholic nobles to replace Elizabeth I with Mary Queen of Scots
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Ridolfi Plot (1571)
Plot to assassinate Elizabeth I, in which Mary Queen of Scots was implicated
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Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre (France) (1572)
A targeted group of assassinations led to a wave of Roman Catholic mob violence. Modern estimates of the dead range from 5000 to 30000
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Throckmorton Plot (1583)
Second attempt by Roman Catholics to overthrow Elizabeth I in favour of Mary Queen of Scots
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Bond of Association (1584)
A document created by Francis Walsingham and Lord Burghley after the failure of the Throckmorton Plot in 1583 which obliged all signatories to pursue to the death anyone attempting to assassinate or usurp the Queen
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Parry Plot (1585)
Failed attempt of William Parry to assassinate the Queen
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Babington Plot (1586)
The plot which saw the demise of Mary, Queen of Scots, executed the following year
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Marprelate Tracts (1588-9)
Numerous pamphlets published in England and Wales by an anonymous puritan
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Lambeth Articles (1595)
Nine doctrinal statements drawn up by Archbishop of Canterbury John Whitgift in order to define Calvinist doctrine with regards to predestination and justification.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Commercial treaty between England and the Low Countries - meant Margaret of York had to accept Tudor legitimacy

Back

Intercursus Magnus (1496)

Card 3

Front

Removed all duties from English textile exports without reciprocity

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The offence of asserting or maintaining papal jurisdiction in England; Church charged with it in 1531

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1000 men in Munster to invade Pale - called on Catholic Church for help but main objective was to expel English administration. Cost £25000. 75 Executions

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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