Key terms for crime and punishment

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Crime
an offence that is punishable by law
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Duty
a moral or legal obligation
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Responsibility
a duty to care for or having control over something or someone
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Conscience
the inner feeling you are doing right or wrong
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Crime against the person
wrongdoing that directly harms a person eg murder
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Crime against property
damaging items that belong to somebody else eg vandalism
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Crime against the state
an offence aimed at damaging the government or a country eg treason
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Religious offence
an offence against religion eg blasphemy
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Punishment
something done to a person because they have broken the law
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Protection
keeping the public from being harmed, threatened or injured by criminals
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Retribution
an aim of punishment- to get your own back
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Detterence
an aim of punishment- to put people off committing crimes
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Reform
an aim of punishment- to change someone's behavior for the better
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Vindication
an aim of punishment that means offenders must be punished to show that the law must be respected and is right
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Reparation
an aim of punishment designed to help an offender to put something back into society
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Forgiveness
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a moral or legal obligation

Back

Duty

Card 3

Front

a duty to care for or having control over something or someone

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the inner feeling you are doing right or wrong

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

wrongdoing that directly harms a person eg murder

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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