Key Terms - Leadership Styles

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Define Managers
To plan, co-ordinate and command to achieve a purpose
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What does a manager do?
Creates and implemets effective systems of work, delegates work to staff, Ensures targets and deadlines are met
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Characteristics of a leader
Innovative new ideas and puts these into actoins, can visualise the next step, motivates workers
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What affects leadership styles?
Nature of tasks, Risk, Type of Business, Leaders characters, organisational structure
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Characteristics of Autocratic
Makes all the decisions, One way communication, Close supervision of employees, Dependant on employees
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Advantages of an Autocratic Style
Quicker decisions, Motivates staff, Leader may know better, more efficient
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Disadvantage of autocratic style
May cause hostility, leader may not know better, dependence on 1 person,
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When is it appropriate to use the autocratic style?
Emergencies, when leaders are in control of a large number of low skilled workers
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When is it least appropriate to use the autocratic style?
Highly complex decisions, When expertise is required, whenleading skilled or creative workers.
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Characteristic of Democratic
Delegates out work, shares the decision making, different perspectives considered, voting and discussions used
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Advantages of a democratic style
Independent workers, strengthens communinity, motivates workers, growth of ideas
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Disadvantage of democratic style
May cause conflict, slows decision making, Uncertainty, May not always be thinking of the business
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When is it appropriate to use the democratic style?
With creative or specialist workers
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When is it least appropriate to use the democratic style?
Complex decisions, Quick decisions
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Characteristic of Laissez-Faire
Makes few decisions and passes work down to employees, workers make decisions
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Advantages of Laissez-Faire styles
Workers may know best, Liberates the work force
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Disadvantages fo the Laissez-Faire style
May cause hostility, workers may try and skive off, weakened decisions
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When is it appropriate to use the Laissez-Faire style?
Creative workers, Specialist workers
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When is it least appropriate to use the Laissez-Faire style?
Highly complex decisions
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Characteristics of Paternalistic
Leaders thingk they know best, makes all the decisions, supportive to staff, parent figure
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Advantages of paternalistic style
Quicker decision, leader may know best, employees can't take advantage, more eddicient
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Disadvantages of paternalistic style
May cause hostility, leader may not know best, dependence on 1 person
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When is it appropriate to use the paternalistic style?
In an emeregency, when leading a large number of low skilled workers
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When is it least appropriate to use the paternalistic style?
Highly complex decision, when expertise is required, when leading skilled or creative workers
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What is McGregors Theory of X managers?
Assume workers dislike work and are only motivated through monye
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What is McGregors Y Theory of Y managers?
Believes workers enjoy work and encourage responsibility
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Creates and implemets effective systems of work, delegates work to staff, Ensures targets and deadlines are met

Back

What does a manager do?

Card 3

Front

Innovative new ideas and puts these into actoins, can visualise the next step, motivates workers

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Nature of tasks, Risk, Type of Business, Leaders characters, organisational structure

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Makes all the decisions, One way communication, Close supervision of employees, Dependant on employees

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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