Key Terminology and Concepts

What is the definition of 'MODE'?
'Mode' refers to the channel of communication of a text.
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What is an example of 'MODE'?
A text might be spoken or written.
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What is the definition of 'MIXED MODE/ MULTI-MODAL'?
Features associated with both speech and writing.
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What is an example of 'MIXED MODE/ MULTI-MODAL'?
Written texts can have features of speech and a spoken text can be scripted beforehand.
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What is the definition of 'GENRE'?
The category that a text falls into.
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What is an example of 'GENRE'?
A letter, newspaper article, novel excerpt.
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What is the definition of 'FIELD'?
Topic/ Activity taking place at the time of subject matter.
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What is the definition of 'SEMANTIC FIELD'?
A group of words which are related in meaning.
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What is an example of 'SEMANTIC FIELD'?
When a text is to be spoken or written/ has a topic that a group of words relate to e.g. "heart, flower, music" could be related with "love".
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What is the definition of 'TENOR'?
The relationship between the speaker/writer and the audience.
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What is the definition of 'REGISTER'?
When you adjust the language you use to suit the audience and the situation in which we find ourselves.
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What is the definition of 'FUNCTION'?
What the purpose is of a text.
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What is the definition of 'GRAPHOLOGY'?
The study of written and printed symbols and of writing systems.
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What is the definition of 'ORTHOGRAPHY'?
The conventional spelling system of a language.
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What is the definition of a 'HOMOPHONE'?
When two words have the same pronunciation but different meanings.
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What is the definition of 'PHONETIC SPELLING'?
The representation of vocal sounds which express pronunciations of words.
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What is an example of 'PHONETIC SPELLING'?
A-Alpha, B-Bravo, C-Charlie and D-Delta.
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What is the definition of 'NON-STANDARD SPELLING'?
Associated with a language variety used by uneducated speakers or socially disfavoured groups.
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What is the definition of 'INITIALISMS'?
An abbreviation consisting of initial letters pronounced separately.
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What is an example of 'INITIALISMS'?
BBC
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What is the definition of 'ACRONYMS'?
An abbreviation formed from the initial letters of other words and pronounced as a word.
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What is an example of 'ACRONYMS'?
AIDS/ NASA
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What is the definition of 'PHONOLOGY'?
The study of sounds of a language and the way they are put together to make meaning.
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What is the defintion of 'GRAPHEME'?
A letter of an alphabet.
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What is the definition of 'ELISION'?
The omission of sounds in connected speech.
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What is an example of 'ELISION'?
WE'RE over 'ERE
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What is the definition of 'IPA'?
Includes a wide range of symbols to convey sounds.
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What is the definition of 'RECEIVED PRONUNCIATION'?
The accent used by speakers of Standard English.
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What is the definition of 'ESTUARY ENGLISH'?
This accent has some features of Cockney merged into a more standard RP.
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What is the definition of 'MEYD'?
Multi-ethnic Youth Dialect.
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What is an example of 'MEYD'?
THAT over DAT
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What is the definition of 'SCHWA'?
The most common phoneme in spoken English and is represented by 'ə'.
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What is the definition is the definition of 'PROSODICS'?
This refers to how we say the words we speak.
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What is the definition of 'LEXIS'?
The more technical term for vocabulary.
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What is the definition of 'SEMANTICS'?
The study of the relationship between words and meanings.
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What is the definition of 'DENOTATION'?
The dictionary definition of a word.
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What is the definition of 'CONNOTATION'?
The associations attached to a word in addition to its dictionary definition.
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What is the definition of 'COLLOCATION'?
An arrangement or juxtaposition of words or other elements, especially those that commonly co-occur.
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What is the definition of 'FIGURATIVE'?
Language with a meaning going beyond its literal one, involving comparison or metaphor etc.
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What is an example of 'FIGURATIVE'?
"She may have a face of a pizza, but she's my girlfriend".
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What is the definition of 'METAPHOR'?
A figure of speech in which something is spoken of as being something that it resembles.
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What is an example of 'METAPHOR'?
"A sea of troubles" "Pizza face" "Stony silence"
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What is the definition of 'SIMILE'?
An image in which a direct comparison is made using 'like' or 'as'.
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What is the definition of 'POLYSYLLABIC'?
A word having two or more syllables.
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What is the definition of 'ETYMOLOGY'?
The origin and history of a linguistic form.
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What is the definition of 'LATINATE'?
Derived from Latin.
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What is the definition of 'GRAMMAR'?
One of the key frameworks in the analysis of language. Grammar is about the organisation of language elements within sentences.
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What is the definition of 'WORD CLASS'?
Groups of words with characteristic features.
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What is an example of 'WORD CLASS'?
Noun. verb, adjective, adverb, determiner, pronoun, preposition.
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What is the definition of 'NOUN'?
A word class that names a person, place or thing, idea or process.
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What is an example of 'NOUN'?
Proper nouns - Brighton, Mary, Robin Hood / Common nouns - table, car, dog / Concrete nouns - guitar, dog, boot / Abstract nouns - happiness, capitalism, week, birth.
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What is the definition of 'ABSTRACT NOUNS'?
A noun that denotes an idea, emotion, feeling, quality or other abstract or intangible concept, as opposed to a concrete item, or a physical object.
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What is the definition of 'CONCRETE NOUNS'?
A noun that denotes something tangible or material, such as a person or place.
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What is the definition of 'NOMINALISATION'?
The use of a verb, an adjective, or an adverb as the head of a noun phrase, with or without morphological transformation.
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What is the definition of 'PRONOUN'?
a word that can function as a noun phrase used by itself and that refers either to the participants in the discourse.
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What is the definition of 'FIRST-PERSON PRONOUN'?
First person singular form of verb (I - subject pronoun; me - object pronoun) First person plural form of the verb (we - subject pronoun; us - object pronoun)
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What is the definition of 'SECOND PERSON PRONOUN'?
Used when a speaker addresses one or more individuals.
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What is the definition of 'THIRD PERSON PRONOUN'?
Refer to people or things other than the speaker (or writer) and the person(s) addressed.
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What is the definition of 'ADJECTIVE'?
A word naming an attribute of a noun, such as sweet, red, or technical.
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What is the definition of 'VERB'?
A word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence, such as hear, become, happen.
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What is the definition of 'MODAL AUXILIARY VERB'?
The verbs can, could, will, would, should, may, might, must, ought and shall are verbs which 'help' other verbs to express a meaning.
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What is the definition of 'DETERMINER'?
A modifying word that determines the kind of reference a noun or noun group has, for example a, the, every.
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What is the definition of 'PREPOSITION'?
A word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause, as in ‘the man on the platform’, ‘she arrived after dinner’, ‘what did you do it for ?’.
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What is the definition of 'ADVERB'?
a) a word that describes the action of a verb b) a word that can act as an intensifier c) a word that can function as a sentence connector.
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What is the definition of 'HEDGE'?
The use of language that makes something seem less certain.
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What is the definition of 'DISCOURSE MARKER'?
Words that show the structure of a speech by breaking it in to separate chunks. These make clear the sentence of thought.
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What is the definition of 'INTENSIFIER'?
An adverb used to give force or emphasis, for example really in my feet are really cold.
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What is the definition of 'CONJUNCTION'?
Joining words. Two types: COORDINATING - link units of equal values - and, but, or, neither... nor, either SUBORDINATING - join a subordinate clause to a main clause - when, while, as, because, if, unless, until, although, whereas, where.
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What is the definition of 'PHRASE'?
A group of words that has no finite verb.
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What is the definition of 'NOUN PHRASE'?
A noun + all the words that describe or modify that noun. Modification can come before the noun and/ or after the noun.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is an example of 'MODE'?

Back

A text might be spoken or written.

Card 3

Front

What is the definition of 'MIXED MODE/ MULTI-MODAL'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an example of 'MIXED MODE/ MULTI-MODAL'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the definition of 'GENRE'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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