Psychological Terminology

HideShow resource information
A feeling of worry, nervousness or unease.
1 of 53
A way of thinking, reflected in a person's behaviour.
2 of 53
An approach that emphasises observable, measurable behaviour.
3 of 53
Being prejudice against something in a way for it to be unfair.
4 of 53
Case Study
A record of research that is analysed to illustrate a theory.
5 of 53
Classical Conditioning
A learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired.
6 of 53
Cognitive Psychology
An approach that emphasises internal mental processes.
7 of 53
An actor part of an experiment who is aware of the aims.
8 of 53
Type of social influence involving a change of behaviour
9 of 53
Confounding Variable
A stimulus introduced that effects a participants behaviour.
10 of 53
Physical properties do not change when nothing is added/taken away even if appearances change.
11 of 53
Critical Period
Time in which someone's development is believed to be most readily required.
12 of 53
Cross-cultural research
Exploring psychological phenomena across more than one culture.
13 of 53
Cross-sectional Study
A class of research methods that involve observation of a representative subject.
14 of 53
Permission given for something to happen or an agreement.
15 of 53
Control Group
A scientific group that is seperated from the rest of the study so the IV cannot influence them.
16 of 53
Interdependence of variable quantities.
17 of 53
A type of experimental design where all possible orders of presenting the variables.
18 of 53
Demand Characteristics
Cues in an experiment that influence the participant's perception of what is expected of them/their behaviour.
19 of 53
Physical, behavioural and mental events are determined by factors that are potentially knowable.
20 of 53
A person's inherent qualities of mind and character (their nature).
21 of 53
Dependent variable
Measure of what is affected during an experiment.
22 of 53
The prejudicial treatment of different categories of people (e.g. race, age).
23 of 53
An ethical procedure where the participants are given information about the study and then can discuss the study.
24 of 53
Ecological Validity
Refers to the extent to which the findings can be generalised beyond the present situation.
25 of 53
Ego defence mechanism
Mental strategies used by the ego to defend itself against conflicts experienced in life.
26 of 53
The moral principles that govern a person or a group's behaviour.
27 of 53
Belief in the superiority of the group.
28 of 53
A scientific procedure to make a discovery or to test a hypothesis.
29 of 53
A testable explanation between 2+ events/variables, often stated as a prediction that has a certain outcome.
30 of 53
Independent Measures
A type of method of experiment that involves 2+ seperate groups.
31 of 53
Unconditioned (e.g. unconditioned reflex)
32 of 53
The action of using someone or something as a model to copy something.
33 of 53
A formal discussion with someone for the purpose of an evaluation.
34 of 53
Longitudinal Study
A research study that is repeated with the same participants over a period of time.
35 of 53
Matched Pairs
Participants in different conditions that are matched according to certain characteristics.
36 of 53
Scientific aspects of behaviour that are inherited or learnt as a result of environmental influences.
37 of 53
Object Permanence
The recognition that objects exist independently of an individual's action or awareness.
38 of 53
A situation when an observer records the behaviour of a participant.
39 of 53
Oedipus/Electra Complex
Ideas and feelings to desire to possess the parent of the opposite sex and to eliminate the parent of the same sex.
40 of 53
Operant Conditioning
Learning in which the probability of a response is changed by a change in its consequence.
41 of 53
Opportunity Sampling
Sampling technique not based on a random selection or probability.
42 of 53
Order effects
Differences in a participant's performance that occurs as a result of experiencing different conditions in a specific order.
43 of 53
Positive Reinforcement
A process of increasing the likelihood of a response by following the response with a desirable stimulus.
44 of 53
Psychoanalytic Theory
Type of psychodynamic theory, aims for deeper understanding of their own unconscious thoughts and feelings.
45 of 53
Random Sampling
A technique for obtaining participants where the population has an equal chance.
46 of 53
Repeated Measures
Where each participant in the experiment participates in every level of the IV.
47 of 53
Analysing and describing a complex phenomenon.
48 of 53
A method of gathering data by asking a participant to report and identify their behaviour or mental state.
49 of 53
Self-selected Sample
The participants select themselves into a group.
50 of 53
Social Learning Theory
Proposal that learning occurs through imitation and modelling of behaviour of role models.
51 of 53
Any event, situation, object or factor that may affect behaviour.
52 of 53
An investigation of behaviour or opinions of a group of people.
53 of 53

Other cards in this set

Card 2




A way of thinking, reflected in a person's behaviour.

Card 3




Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4




Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Case Study


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Key Terminology resources »